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5: Distillation

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  • Distillation is a purification method for liquids, and can separate components of a mixture if they have significantly different boiling points. In a distillation, a liquid is boiled in the "distilling flask," then the vapors travel to another section of the apparatus where they come into contact with a cool surface. The vapors condense on this cool surface, and the condensed liquid (called the "distillate") drips into a reservoir separated from the original liquid. In the simplest terms, a distillation involves boiling a liquid, then condensing the gas and collecting the liquid elsewhere


    • Lisa Nichols (Butte Community College). Organic Chemistry Laboratory Techniques is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Complete text is available online.

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