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Chemistry LibreTexts

3.4: Molecular Shape

  • Page ID
  • Unit Objectives

    • Describe the energetics of covalent and ionic bond formation and breakage
    • Predict the structures of small molecules using valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory
    • Describe the formation of covalent bonds in terms of atomic orbital overlap
    • Define and give examples of σ and π bonds
    • Explain the concept of atomic orbital hybridization
    • Determine the hybrid orbitals associated with various molecular geometries