The traditional (and still prevalent) way to teach organic chemistry is to focus on examples that are primarily of interest to students who are planning to become professional organic chemists - that is, to focus on the molecules and reactions of organic synthesis, considering mainly non-aqueous conditions and non-biological reagents. The majority of students studying organic chemistry, however, are doing so because they are majoring in biology, biochemistry, or health sciences. They need to learn about the structure and reactivity of organic compounds because, quite simply, organic chemistry is the chemistry of life. What is most interesting and relevant to these students is the organic chemistry that takes place in the context of a living cell.
In this online textbook, a unique approach is taken to the study of organic chemistry. To the greatest extent possible, biological molecules and biochemical reactions are used to explain and illustrate the central concepts of organic chemistry. This novel approach is most evident in chapters 9-17, which cover the main organic reaction mechanisms in a biological context. However, earlier chapters on organic structure and spectroscopy also focus as much as possible on examples of interest to students of biology and the health sciences. The chemistry of lab synthesis is not ignored - however, these examples are generally grouped together in subsections and introduced to illustrate parallels between laboratory and biological chemistry.
A PDF version of Organic Chemistry With a Biological Emphasis is available for free download from the University of Minnesota Morris Digital Well.
- Front Matter
- 1: Introduction to Organic Structure and Bonding I
- 2: Introduction to Organic Structure and Bonding II
- 3: Conformations and Stereochemistry
- 4: Structure Determination I- UV-Vis and Infrared Spectroscopy, Mass Spectrometry
- 5: Structure Determination Part II - Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
- 6: Overview of Organic Reactivity
- 7: Acid-base Reactions
- 8: Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions
- 9: Phosphate Transfer Reactions
- 10: Nucleophilic Carbonyl Addition Reactions
- 11: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution Reactions
- 12: Reactions at the α-Carbon, Part I
- 13: Reactions at the α-Carbon, Part II
- 14: Electrophilic Reactions
- 15: Oxidation and Reduction Reactions
- 16: Radical Reactions
- 17: The Organic Chemistry of Vitamins
- Back Matter