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Chemistry LibreTexts

Crystal Field Theory

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  • [ "article:topic-guide", "Crystal Field Theory", "showtoc:no" ]

    One of the most striking characteristics of transition-metal complexes is the wide range of colors they exhibit. Crystal field theory (CFT) is a bonding model that explains many important properties of transition-metal complexes, including their colors, magnetism, structures, stability, and reactivity. The central assumption of CFT is that metal–ligand interactions are purely electrostatic in nature.