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Unit 7: Organic Chemistry Preview

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  • Unit 7 Objectives

    By the end of this unit, you will be able to:

    • Define organic compounds
    • Explain why organic chemistry is important to life
    • Identify the difference between a hydrocarbon and heteroatom
    • Draw organic molecules using structural formulas, condensed structural formulas, carbon skeleton formulas
    • Define and identify and draw constitutional isomers and geometric isomers and optical isomers
    • Identify and draw examples of common organic functional grounds
    • Name simple alkanes, alkenes and alkynes

    • 7.1: Introduction to Organic Molecules
    • 7.2: Representing Organic Compounds
    • 7.3: Isomers
    • 7.4: Alkanes- Saturated Hydrocarbons
      Simple alkanes exist as a homologous series, in which adjacent members differ by a CH2 unit.
    • 7.5: Alkenes and Alkynes
      As noted before, alkenes are hydrocarbons with carbon-to-carbon double bonds (R2C=CR2) and alkynes are hydrocarbons with carbon-to-carbon triple bonds (R–C≡C–R). Collectively, they are called unsaturated hydrocarbons because they have fewer hydrogen atoms than does an alkane with the same number of carbon atoms, as is indicated in the following general formulas:
    • 7.6: Functional Groups
      Functional groups are atoms or small groups of atoms (two to four) that exhibit a characteristic reactivity. A particular functional group will almost always display its characteristic chemical behavior when it is present in a compound. Because of their importance in understanding organic chemistry, functional groups have characteristic names that often carry over in the naming of individual compounds incorporating specific groups