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Chemistry LibreTexts

Clemmensen Reduction

[ "article:topic", "authorname:ggunawardena" ]
  • Page ID
    39364
  • The reaction of aldehydes and ketones with zinc amalgam (Zn/Hg alloy) in concentrated hydrochloric acid, which reduces the aldehyde or ketone to a hydrocarbon, is called Clemmensen reduction. eg:

     

     

    The mechanism of Clemmensen reduction is not fully understood; intermediacy of radicals are implicated. The Clemmensen reduction is complementary to Wolff-Kishner reduction, which also converts aldehydes and ketones to hydrocarbons, in that the former is carried out in strongly acidic conditions and the latter in strongly basic conditions.