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Chemistry LibreTexts

Homework 1

  • Page ID
    143057
  • Name: ______________________________

    Section: _____________________________

    Student ID#:__________________________

    Q1.1

    Calculate the surface temperatures of the following stars:

    1. Sol with an emission spectrum that peaks at ~550 nm.
    2. White Dwarf GD 60 with an emission spectrum that peaks at ~ 1.3um.
    3. Rigel with an emission spectrum that peaks at ~135 nm.
    4. Betelgeuse with an emission spectrum that peaks at ~740nm.

    Q1.2

    California Pizza Kitchen BBQ chicken pizza tastes delicious after cooked in a toaster oven at a balmy 450°F. To reach this perfect temperature, a heating coil made of a nichrome (alloy of nickel, chromium, and iron) is heated to about 600°F.

    1. Make a plot of the Planck's law, the Wien displacement law, and the Rayleigh-Jeans' Law for the temperature of the nichrome wire in Kelvin.
    2. Make a similar plot for your BBQ Chicken Pizza cooked at the ideal temperature.
    3. At this temperature, what is the peak wavelength if you consider your pizza a blackbody radiator?

    For the Wien law, let \(\alpha = 8\pi h / c^3\) and \(\beta = h/k\).

     

    Q1.3

    Chemical vapor deposition grown Bismuth has a work function of 4.22 eV. What is the shortest-energy photon that can eject an electron from bismuth? What is this wavelength? What region of the electromagnetic spectrum would you identify with this radiation?

     

    Q1.4

    Calculate the energy per photon and the number of photons emitted per second from

    1. 60 W yellow-green tungsten filamanet (λ = 564 nm)
    2. a 1200W microwave source (λ = 1.1 cm)
    3. a 9W LED bulb (λ = 550 nm)
     

    Q1.5

    Manganese has a work function of 4.1 eV. Laser light with a power per unit area of 6.0 W is incident on a manganese sheet.

    1. Electrons with a minimum kinetic energy (KE) of 0.2 keV are ejected from the sheet surface. What is the wavelength of incident light?
    2. Calculate the maximum number of electrons that can be ejected by a 60 minute pulse of the incident light (under constant power).
    3. How many electrons will be emitted if the energy of incident light is < \(1.00 \times 10^{-10}\; J\)?

     

    Q1.6

    The work function of purified \(C_{60}\) is 4.59 eV.

    1. Calculate the longest wavelength that will cause the photoelectric effect in pure \(C_{60}\)?
    2. When ordering \(C_{60}\), the as-received material has a workfunction of 4.38 eV because of donor impurities. When impure \(C_{60}\) is exposed to 500 nm radiation, will the maximum photoelectron kinetic energy be less than or greater than that for pure \(C_{60}\) exposed to 500 nm radiation?

     

    Q1.7

    A laser with a power output of 3.85 mW at a wavelength of 350 nm is projected onto potassium metal.

    1. How many electrons per second are ejected?
    2. What power is carried away by the electrons? Look up the work function of potassium metal using available sources.

     

    Q1.8

    Calculate the wavelength of a visible transition in the Balmer emission series of Hydrogen gas from the n = 3 level and to the n = 2 level. (We will have just started this in class, but read ahead!).

     

    Q1.9: Basic Units Review

    What units are appropriate for each variable?

    1. Energy
    2. Wavelength
    3. Frequency (\(\nu\))
    4. Mass
    5. Energy Density
    6. Momentum
    7. Power
    8. Temperature
    9. Density
     

    Q1.10 Basic Math Review

    Perform these integrals:

    1. \[ \int ax^{n}dx \]
    2. \[ \int \dfrac{a}{x}dx \]
    3. \[ \int \sin(ax)dx \]
    4. \[ \int \cos(ax)dx \]
    5. \[ \int e^{ax}dx \]

    Q1.11: Derivatives

    Perform these derivatives

    1. \[ \dfrac{du^{n}}{dx} \]
    2. \[ \dfrac{de^{u}}{dx} \]
    3. \[ \dfrac{d \ln x}{dx} \]
    4. \[ \dfrac{d \sin x}{dx} \]
    5. \[ \dfrac{d \cos x}{dx} \]