Skip to main content
Chemistry LibreTexts

Unit 9: Semiconductors

  • Page ID
    119765
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    Skills to Develop

    • Outline the basic quantum-mechanical approach to deriving molecular orbitals from atomic orbitals
    • Describe traits of bonding and antibonding molecular orbitals
    • Calculate bond orders based on molecular electron configurations
    • Define and describe the bonding and properties of ionic, molecular, metallic, and covalent network crystalline solids
    • Describe the main types of crystalline solids: ionic solids, metallic solids, covalent network solids, and molecular solids
    • Explain the ways in which crystal defects can occur in a solid
    • Describe the general preparation, properties, and uses of the metalloids
    • Describe the preparation, properties, and compounds of boron and silicon
    • Explain the properties of some covalent-network solids
    • Describe semiconductors and some of their properties

    Thumbnail: Silicon crystals are the most common semiconducting materials used in microelectronics and photovoltaics. Image used with permission (CC BY 3.0; Jurii)


    Unit 9: Semiconductors is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

    • Was this article helpful?