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Chemistry LibreTexts

Agenda

  • Page ID
    59630
    • First Semester

      FIRST UNIT: ATOMIC STRUCTURE

      FIRST WEEK

      First Lecture: Mathematical review, units significant figures

      SI units length: Mass, time, temperature, derived units: Volume, density

      Uncertainty in measurement

      Units and dimensional analysis (Factor label method)

      Second Lecture: Discovery of the atom

      Old atomic theory

      Dalton’s atomic theory

      Some comments on historical basis

      Atomic symbols

      The role of models in science

      Structure of the atom

      Electron properties

      Rutherford model

      Nuclear structure

      Protons, neutrons Isotopes

      SECOND WEEK

      Third Lecture: Quantum theory of the atom

      Wave nature of light

      Relationship between wavelength and frequency

      Planck’s quantization of energy

      Black body problem

      Photoelectric effect

      Bohr theory of the hydrogen atom

      Atomic line spectra

      Bohr’s postulates

      Transitions between energy levels

      Quantum mechanics

      de Broglie relation

      Uncertainty principle

      Wave function

      Fourth Lecture: Wave functions

      Quantum numbers and atomic orbitals

      Atomic orbital shapes

      Pauli exclusion principle

      THIRD WEEK

      Fifth Lecture: Electron configurations

      Electron configurations

      Sixth Lecture: Periodic Table

      Historical development of the periodic table

      Electron configuration and the Periodic Table

      Effective nuclear charge

      Size of Atoms and Ions

      Ionization energy

      Electron affinity

      FOURTH WEEK

      Seventh Lecture: Periodic properties

      Metals, Non Metals and Metalloids

      Group trends for groups 1 and 2

      Group trends for non metals

      Review

      FIRST TEST

      SECOND UNIT: Molecular Bonding

      FIFTH WEEK

      Eighth Lecture: Chemical bonding

      Chemical bonds,

      Lewis symbols and the octet rule

      Ionic bonding

      Covalent bonding

      Bond polarity and negativity

      Ninth Lecture: Lewis structures

      Drawing Lewis structure

      Resonance structures

      SIXTH WEEK

      Tenth Lecture: More bonding structures

      Exceptions to the Octet Rule

      Strengths of Covalent Bonds

      Eleventh Lecture: Molecular Geometry

      Molecular Shapes

      The VSEPR model

      Molecular shape and molecular polarity

      SEVENTH WEEK

      Twelfth Lecture: Covalent bonding

      Covalent bonding and orbital overlap

      Hybrid orbitals

      Multiple Bonds

      Thirteenth Lecture: Molecular Orbitals

      Molecular orbitals

      Review

      SECOND TEST

      THIRD UNIT: Descriptive Chemistry

      EIGHTH WEEK

      Fourteenth Lecture: States of matter

      States of matter

      Physical state and chemical composition

      Solids, liquids and gases

      Elements, compounds and mixtures

      Properties of Matter

      Fifteenth Lecture: Nomenclature

      Chemical formulae

      Molecular formula

      Ions, cation, anion

      Ionic compounds, empirical formulas

      Binary ionic compound nomenclature - prefixes

      Stock system

      Traditional system

      Polyatomic ions, ite, ate, hypo, per

      Acids, Hydrates

      Simple Organic Compounds

      Nomenclature assignment for Spring Break

      TENTH WEEK

      Sixteenth Lecture: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations

      Chemical equations

      Patterns of reactivity

      Formula weights

      Why do we need the concept of formula weight?

      Mole concept (bridge between atomic and human scales)

      Mole calculation moles to grams, grams to moles

      Empirical formulas

      ELEVENTH WEEK

      Seventeenth and Eighteenth Lecture: Stolichiometry

      Combining chemical equations and the mole concept

      Limiting reactants

      Theoretical yield

      TWELFTH WEEK

      Nineteenth Lecture: Aqueous reactions and solution stoichiometry

      Aqueous solutions and the properties of water Electrolytes, solubility rules

      Precipitation reactions

      Acid-Base reactions

      Oxidation-Reduction Reactions

      Twentieth Lecture: Solutions

      Concentration of solutions

      Writing reactions in molecular/ionic forms

      Complete ionic reactions Net ionic reactions

      Review

      THIRD TEST

      FOURTH UNIT: Thermochemistry

      THIRTEENTH WEEK

      Twenty-first Lecture: Thermochemistry

      The nature of energy Kinetic and potential energy Internal energy Heat (Thermal energy)

      First Law of Thermodynamics

      Enthalpy

      Calorimetry

      FOURTEENTH WEEK

      Twenty-second Lecture: Enthalpy of reaction

      Enthalpy of reaction

      Hess’s Law

      Enthaply of Formation

      Twenty-third Lecture: Gases

      Characteristics of gases

      Pressure and units of pressure

      Gas Laws

      Ideal gas equation

      FIFTEENTH WEEK

      Twenty-fourth Lecture: Gases

      Stoichiometry and the ideal gas law

      Gas Mixtures and partial pressures

      Real gases

      Twenty-fifth Lecture: Statistical mechanics

      Kinetic theory of gases

      Molecular effusion and diffusion

      Review

      FINAL

      SECOND SEMESTER

      First lecture: Chapter 11 States of Matter

      Properties of liquids, surface tension and viscosity

      Intermolecular forces

      Phase transitions

      Phase diagrams and cooling curve

      SECOND WEEK

      Second lecture: Chapter 11 Liquids

      Third lecture: Chapter 11 Solids

      Classifications of solids by intermolecular forces

      Crystal lattices and Unit Cells

      Crystal Structure

      THIRD WEEK

      Fourth lecture: Chapter 12 Solutions

      Types of solutions

      Effects of temperature and pressure on solubility

      Concentration units

      Fifth Lecture: Chapter 12 Colligative properties

      Vapor pressure of a solution

      Boiling point elevation/Freezing point depression

      FIRST TEST

      FOURTH WEEK

      Sixth Lecture: Chapter 14 Chemical Kinetics

      Definition of reaction rate

      Experimental determination of the rate of reaction

      Dependence of rate on concentration

      Seventh Lecture: Chapter 14 Change of concentration with time

      Change of concentration with time

      Temperature and rate, collision and transition state theories

      Arrhenius equation

      FIFTH WEEK

      Eighth Lecture: Chapter 14 Reaction Mechanisms

      Elementary reactions

      Rate laws and mechanisms

      Ninth Lecture: Chapter 15 Chemical equilibrium

      The nature of the chemical equilibrium

      The equilibrium constant

      Heterogeneous equilibria

      Qualitative interpretation of the equilibrium constant

      SIXTH WEEK

      Tenth Lecture: Chapter 15 Using the equilibrium constant

      Predicting the direction of reaction

      Calculating equilibrium constant

      Eleventh Lecture: Chapter 15 LeChatelier’s principle

      Removing or adding reactants

      What happens when pressure or temperature change

      Effect of a catalyst.

      SECOND TEST

      SEVENTH WEEK

      Twelfth Lecture: Chapter 16 Concepts of acids and bases

      Arrhenius concept of acids and bases

      Bronsted Lowry concept of acids and bases

      Lewis concept of acids and bases

      Relative strengths of acids and bases

      Molecular basis of acid/base strength

      Thirteenth Lecture: Chapter 17 pH

      Self ionization of water

      Solutions of strong acids and bases

      The pH of a solution

      EIGHTH WEEK

      Fourteenth Lecture: Chapter 17 Solutions of weak acids

      Acid ionization equilibria

      Polyprotic acids

      Fifteenth Lecture: Chapter 17 Solutions of weak bases

      Base ionization equilibria

      Acid base properties of a salt solution

      NINTH WEEK

      Sixteenth Lecture: Chapter 17 Common ion effect and buffers

      Common ion effect

      Acid-base titration.

      Seventeenth Lecture: Chapter 18

      The solubility product

      Solubility and the common ion effect

      Precipitation calculations

      TEST 3

      TENTH WEEK

      Eighteenth Lecture: Chapter 19 The laws of thermodynamics

      The first law and enthalpy

      Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics

      Standard entropies and the third law of thermodynamics

      Nineteenth Lecture: Chapter 19 Free energy

      Free energy and spontaneity

      Interpretations of free energy

      ELEVETH WEEK

      Twentieth Lecture: Chapter 19 Free energy and equilibrium

      Relating DGo to the equilibrium constant

      Change of free energy with temperature

      Twenty first Lecture: Chapter 20 Oxidation-reduction reactions

      Balancing oxidation reduction reactions in acidic and basic solutions

      TWELFTH WEEK

      Twenty second Lecture: Chapter 20 Voltaic cells

      Construction of Voltaic Cells

      Notation for voltaic cells

      Electromotive force

      Twenty third Lecture: Chapter 20 Voltaic cells

      Standard emfs and electrode potentials

      Equilibrium concentrations from emfs.

      Dependence of emf on concentration

      TEST 4

      THIRTEENTH WEEK

      Twenty fourth Lecture: Chapter 22 Main Group Elements

      General observations

      Group IA the alkali metals

      Group IIA the alkaline earth metals

      Twenty fifth Lecture: Chapter 22 Chemistry of the nonmetals

      Group IVA the carbon family

      Group VIIA the halogens

      FOURTEENTH WEEK

      Twenty sixth Lecture: Chapter 23 The transition elements

      Periodic trends

      The chemistry of copper and chromium

      Twenty seventh Lecture: Chapter 23 Coordination compounds

      Structure of complexes

      Naming coordination compounds

      Structure and isomers of coordination compounds

      FIFTEENTH WEEK

      Twenty eighth Lecture: Chapter 24 Organic chemistry

      The bonding of carbon

      Alkanes and cycloalkaned

      Alkenes and Alkynes

      Twenty ninth Lecture: Chapter 24 Organic chemistry

      Aromatic hydrocarbons

      FIFTH TEST