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6: Reaction Stoichiometry

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    • 6.1: Reaction Stoichiometry
      A balanced chemical equation may be used to describe a reaction’s stoichiometry (the relationships between amounts of reactants and products). Coefficients from the equation are used to derive stoichiometric factors that subsequently may be used for computations relating reactant and product masses, molar amounts, and other quantitative properties.
    • 6.2: Limiting reactant, theoretical yield, and percent yield
      When reactions are carried out using less-than-stoichiometric quantities of reactants, the amount of product generated will be determined by the limiting reactant. The amount of product generated by a chemical reaction is its actual yield, which is often less than the amount of product predicted by the stoichiometry of the balanced chemical equation representing the reaction (theoretical yield). The extent to which a reaction generates the theoretical amount is expressed as its percent yield.
    • 6.3: solution stoichiometry
      Quantitative calculations involving reactions in solution are carried out with masses, however, volumes of solutions of known concentration are used to determine the number of moles of reactants.
    • 6.4: Quantitative Analysis-Titration and Gravimetric Analysis
      The stoichiometry of chemical reactions may serve as the basis for quantitative chemical analysis methods. Titrations involve measuring the volume of a titrant solution required to completely react with a sample solution. This volume is then used to calculate the concentration of analyte in the sample using the stoichiometry of the titration reaction. Gravimetric analysis involves separating analytes from the sample, determining its mass, and then calculating its concentration.
    • 6.5: End of Chapter Problems

    6: Reaction Stoichiometry is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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