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2.5: Physical properties of monosaccharides

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  • Physical Properties

    Monosaccharides such as glucose and fructose are crystalline solids at room temperature, but they are quite soluble in water, each molecule having several OH groups that readily engage in hydrogen bonding. Monosaccharides have a characteristic sweet taste. The sweetness of different carbohydrates can be compared using sucrose as the "100 sweetness parameter". Fructose is the sweetest of all sugars, approximately 73% more sweet than table sugar (sucrose) 

    Relativesweetness.png  by Ewen / Public domain. Wikimedia Commons.



    Image by Ewen / Public domain. Wikimedia Commons. 

    Ball et all. The Basics of GOB Chemistry (Ball et al.) 

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