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Chemistry LibreTexts

3.10: Polyamides

  • Page ID
    227549
  • Learning Objectives

    • To describe the preparation procedure for polyamides.

     

    Polyamides

    Just as the reaction of a diol and a diacid forms a polyester, the reaction of a diacid chloride and a diamine yields a polyamide. The two difunctional monomers often employed are the acyl chloride of adipic acid and 1,6-hexanediamine. The monomers condense by splitting out HClto form a new product, which is still difunctional and thus can react further to yield a polyamide polymer.

    polyamide.png

    Some polyamides are known as nylons. Nylons are among the most widely used synthetic fibers—for example, they are used in ropes, sails, carpets, clothing, tires, brushes, and parachutes. They also can be molded into blocks for use in electrical equipment, gears, bearings, and valves.

     

    Key Takeaway

    • Polyamides are prepared by the reaction of a dicarboxylic acid chloride with an diamine.