After you have completed Chapter 10, you should be able to
- fulfil all of the detailed objectives listed under each individual section.
- design a multistep synthesis to prepare a given compound from a given starting material using any of the reactions studied up to this point in the course, including those which involve alkyl halides.
- solve road-map problems requiring a knowledge of any of the reactions or concepts studied up to this point, including those introduced in this chapter.
- define, and use in context, the key terms introduced.
You have already encountered alkyl halides several times in this course. In this chapter, you will examine in some detail the methods that are used to prepare these important compounds. For chemists involved in the synthesis of new organic compounds, alkyl halides are extremely useful, particularly because of their ability to react with certain metals and form organometallic compounds. However, a detailed discussion of the reactions of alkyl halides will be delayed until Chapter 11.
- 10.5: Preparing Alkyl Halides from Alcohols
- This page looks at reactions in which the -OH group in an alcohol is replaced by a halogen such as chlorine or bromine. It includes a simple test for an -OH group using phosphorus(V) chloride.