Skip to main content
Chemistry LibreTexts

Acidity of Substituted Benzoic Acids

  • Page ID
    30590
  • Electron-withdrawing groups

    The conjugate base of benzoic acid is destabilized by electron-donating groups. This makes the acid less acidic

    Electron-withdrawing groups deactivate the benzene ring to electrophilic attack and make benzoic acids more acidic.

    Electron-donating groups

    The conjugate base of benzoic acid is stabilized by electron-withdrawing groups. This makes the acid more acidic

    Electron-withdrawing groups activate the benzene ring to electrophilic attack and make benzoic acids less acidic.

    • Was this article helpful?