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Chemistry LibreTexts

1.1: Introduction

  • Page ID
    214177
  • The organic chemistry course is organized as three modules. The chapters referred to below are from L.G. Wade, Jr. Organic Chemistry. 5th ed. Prentice Hall, 2003.

    I. MOLECULAR ARCHITECTURE

    CHAPTER     TOPIC

    1:             Atomic structure review

    Covalent bonding and chemical formulas

    Polarity and physical properties of molecules

    Lewis formulas, structural isomers, and resonance structures

     

    2:             Orbital view of bonding, orbital combinations, hybridization theory

    Electron mobility and delocalization in resonance structures

    Introduction to functional groups: Alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes

     

    3:             Introduction to organic nomenclature: Alkanes and alkyl halides

    Structure of alkanes and cycloalkanes,

    Conformational analysis

     

    5:            Stereochemistry: Molecular architecture in three dimensions

     

    II. MOLECULAR TRANSFORMATIONS: INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC SYNTHESIS AND REACTION MECHANISMS

    CHAPTER     TOPIC

    4:             Energetics of bond breaking and bond formation, reaction mechanisms

    Free radical mechanisms

    Alkane halogenation as a major tool for alkane functionalization

    1              Introduction to ionic mechanisms: Bronsted-Lowry acid-base chemistry

    Electron movement in ionic mechanisms

    6 / 7         Introduction to Lewis acid-base chemistry and reaction kinetics

    Nucleophilic substitution reactions of alkyl halides as a synthetic tool

    Elimination reactions and alkene synthesis

     

    III. CHEMISTRY OF COMMON FUNCTIONAL GROUPS

    CHAPTER     TOPIC

    8 / 9         Chemistry of pi-bonds: Alkenes and alkynes

    Organometallics, carbon nucleophiles, and their use in organic synthesis

    10            Structure and synthesis of alcohols, chemistry of Grignard reagents

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