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10.1: Prelude to Alkenes and Alkynes

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    Carbon-carbon double and triple bonds undergo a wide variety of addition reactions in which one of the multiple bonds is broken and two new bonds to carbon are formed:

    Roberts and Caserio Screenshot 10-0-1.png

    The importance of such reactions to synthetic organic chemistry is paramount. It is our intention in this and the following chapter to show the great diversity, utility, and specificity of addition reactions of alkenes and alkynes.

    We will begin with a brief discussion of the physical and spectroscopic properties of alkenes and alkynes. But the major emphasis in the chapter is on two main types of reactions, ionic addition and radical-chain addition. For ionic additions we will make extensive use of the classification of reagents as electrophiles and nucleophiles, as described in Chapter 8.

    Contributors and Attributions

    John D. Robert and Marjorie C. Caserio (1977) Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry, second edition. W. A. Benjamin, Inc. , Menlo Park, CA. ISBN 0-8053-8329-8. This content is copyrighted under the following conditions, "You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format."

    This page titled 10.1: Prelude to Alkenes and Alkynes is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by John D. Roberts and Marjorie C. Caserio.