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Chemistry LibreTexts

11: Properties of Reactions

  • Page ID
    • 11.1: Oxidation Numbers
      An oxidation number is a positive or negative number that is assigned to an atom to indicate its degree of oxidation or reduction. The term oxidation state is often used interchangeably with oxidation number. A partial electron transfer is a shift in the electron density near an atom as a result of a change in the other atoms to which it is covalently bonded. That charge shift is based on the relative electronegativities of the atoms involved in the bond.
    • 11.2: The Nature of Oxidation and Reduction
      Oxygen is an element that has been known for centuries. In its pure elemental form, oxygen is highly reactive, and it readily makes compounds with most other elements. It is also the most abundant element by mass in the Earth's crust. The class of reactions called oxidation and reduction were originally defined with respect to the element oxygen.
    • 11.3: Types of Inorganic Reactions
      Many chemical reactions can be classified as one of five basic types. Having a thorough understanding of these types of reactions will be useful for predicting the products of an unknown reaction. The five basic types of chemical reactions are combination, decomposition, single-replacement, double-replacement, and combustion. Analyzing the reactants and products of a given reaction will allow you to place it into one of these categories. Some reactions will fit into more than one category.
    • 11.4: Entropy and Enthalpy
      Previously, you learned that chemical reactions either absorb or release energy as they occur. The change in energy is one factor that allows chemists to predict whether a certain reaction will occur. In this lesson, you will learn about a second driving force for chemical reactions called entropy.
    • 11.5: Spontaneous Reactions and Free Energy
      The change in enthalpy and change in entropy of a reaction are the driving forces behind all chemical reactions. In this lesson, we will examine a new function called free energy, which combines enthalpy and entropy and can be used to determine whether or not a given reaction will occur spontaneously.
    • 11.6: Rates of Reactions
      Chemical kinetics is the study of the rates of chemical reactions. In this lesson, you will learn how to express the rate of a chemical reaction and about various factors that influence reaction rates.
    • 11.7: Properties of Reactions (Exercises)
      These are homework exercises to accompany Chapter 11 of the University of Kentucky's LibreText for CHE 103 - Chemistry for Allied Health. Solutions are available below the questions.