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Chemistry LibreTexts

3: Compounds

  • Page ID
    155648
  • Molecular compounds are chemical compounds that take the form of discrete molecules like water \(\left( \ce{H_2O} \right)\) and carbon dioxide \(\left( \ce{CO_2} \right)\). These compounds are very different from ionic compounds like sodium chloride \(\left( \ce{NaCl} \right)\), which are formed when metal atoms lose one or more of their electrons to nonmetal atoms and the resulting ions are mutually attracted to each other.

    • 3.1: Molecular Compounds
      Molecular compounds are chemical compounds that take the form of discrete molecules. These compounds are very different from ionic compounds like sodium chloride (NaCl) . Ionic compounds are formed when metal atoms lose one or more of their electrons to nonmetal atoms. Rather than forming ions, the atoms of a molecule share their valence electrons in such a way that a bond forms between pairs of atoms.
    • 3.2: Straight-Chain Alkanes
      A hydrocarbon is an organic compound that is made up of only carbon and hydrogen. A hydrocarbon is the simplest kind of organic molecule and is the basis for all other more complex organic compounds.
    • 3.3: Compounds (Exercises)
      These are homework exercises to accompany Chapter 3 of the University of Kentucky's LibreText for CHE 103 - Chemistry for Allied Health. Solutions are available below the questions.