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Chemistry LibreTexts

Preparation and uses of Silver chloride and Silver nitrate

  • Page ID
    630
  • Silver Chloride

    AgNO3 combines with chloride ions and forms AgCl precipitate.

    Properties

    • AgCl is obtained as a white precipitate
    • AgCl is insoluble in water.
    • It is soluble in aqueous ammonia

    action of NH3 with AgCl

    Silver Nitrate

    In the preparation of silver nitrate dilute nitric acid is used. Silver combines with HNO3 and forms silver nitrate.

    Properties

    • It is colorless and is soluble in water.
    • On heating AgNO3 decomposes and forms silver, nitrogen dioxide and oxygen.

    decomposition of silver nitrate

    AgNO3 forms precipitates with chlorides, bromides, phosphates and sulphides. It is extensively used in laboratories.

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