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Chemistry LibreTexts

9: Alkynes

  • Page ID
    227105
  • learning objectives

    After reading this chapter and completing ALL the exercises, a student can be able to

    • apply bonding theories to the structure of alkynes and distinguish between internal and terminal triple bonds - refer to section 10.1
    • predict relative physical properties of alkynes, such as relative boiling points and solubilities - refer to section 10.1
    • predict the products and specify the reagents for the synthesis of alkynes from the double elimination of dihaloalkanes refer to section 10.2
    • predict the products and specify the reagents for the Electrophilic Addition Reactions (EARs) of alkynes with HX and X2 - refer to section 10.3
    • predict the products and specify the reagents for the Markovnikov-products of alkyne hydration - refer to section 10.4
    • predict the products and specify the reagents for the anti-Markovnikov-products of alkyne hydration - refer to section 10.5
    • predict the products and specify the reagents for the full or partial reduction of alkynes - refer to section 10.6
    • predict the products and specify the reagents for the oxidation of alkynes - refer to section 10.7
    • explain why alkynes are more acidic than alkanes and alkenes - refer to section 10.8
    • predict the products and specify the reagents to generate nucleophilic acetylide ions and heavy metal acetylides - refer to section 10.8
    • predict the products and specify the reagents to synthesize larger alkynes with acetylide ions - refer to section 10.9
    • use retrosynthetic analysis to design a multi-step synthesis with correct regiochemistry and stereochemistry using the reactions studied to date - refer to section 10.10

    Please note: IUPAC nomenclature and important common names of alkynes were explained in Chapter 3.

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