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Chemistry LibreTexts

8: Solids

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    • 8.1: The Solid State of Matter
      Some substances form crystalline solids consisting of particles in a very organized structure; others form amorphous (noncrystalline) solids with an internal structure that is not ordered. The main types of crystalline solids are ionic solids, metallic solids, covalent network solids, and molecular solids. The properties of the different kinds of crystalline solids are due to the types of particles of which they consist, the arrangements of the particles, and the strengths of the attractions bet
    • 8.2: Lattice Structures in Crystalline Solids
      The structures of crystalline metals and simple ionic compounds can be described in terms of packing of spheres. Metal atoms can pack in hexagonal closest-packed structures, cubic closest-packed structures, body-centered structures, and simple cubic structures. The anions in simple ionic structures commonly adopt one of these structures, and the cations occupy the spaces remaining between the anions.
    • 8.3: Simple Cubic
    • 8.4: Body Centered Packing
    • 8.5: Metal Structures
    • 8.6: Solids
    • 8.7: Sphere Packing
    • 8.8: Tetrahedral and Octahedral Sites


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