# 1.9: Periodic Properties of Atoms

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General periodic trends are specific patterns that are present within the periodic table; these are patterns in properties like electronegativity, ionization energy, electron affinity, atomic radius, melting point, and metallic character. General periodic trends provide chemists with an invaluable tool to quickly predict an element's properties. These trends exist because of the similar atomic structure of the elements within their respective group families or periods, and because of the periodic nature of the elements. Some of the general periodic trends are described in this section.

## References

1. Russo, Steve, and Mike Silver. Introductory Chemistry. San Francisco: Pearson, 2007.
2. Petrucci, Ralph H, et al. General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications. 9th Ed. New Jersey: Pearson, 2007.
3. Atkins, Peter et. al, Physical Chemistry, 7th Edition, 2002, W.H Freeman and Company, New York, pg. 390.
4. Alberty, Robert A. et. al, Physical Chemistry, 3rd Edition, 2001, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, pg. 380.
5. Kots, John C. et. al, Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity, 5th Edition, 2003, Thomson Learning Inc, pg. 305-309.

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