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Chemistry LibreTexts

Chapter Objectives

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  • When you have completed Chapter 21, you should be able to

    1. fulfill all of the detailed objectives listed under each individual section.
    2. design multi‑step syntheses in which the reactions introduced in this chapter are used in conjunction with any of the reactions described in previous chapters.
    3. solve road‑map problems that require a knowledge of the chemistry of carboxylic acid derivatives.
    4. define, and use in context, any of the key terms introduced in this chapter.

    Contributors and Attributions

    Dr. Dietmar Kennepohl FCIC (Professor of Chemistry, Athabasca University)

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