When you have completed Chapter 21, you should be able to
- fulfill all of the detailed objectives listed under each individual section.
- design multi‑step syntheses in which the reactions introduced in this chapter are used in conjunction with any of the reactions described in previous chapters.
- solve road‑map problems that require a knowledge of the chemistry of carboxylic acid derivatives.
- define, and use in context, any of the key terms introduced in this chapter.