Ionization energy is the amount of energy required to remove an electron from a given chemical species. Reduction Potential is a measurement of the amount of force required for a chemical species to gain electrons. The ionization energy is a single step process and follows a constant trend by decreasing down a period within a group. Standard reduction potential is more closely related to a multistep process known as solvation. Solvation upon how easily a solute can break its own bonds, how easily the solute can break its bonds, and how much easily the solute can attract the solvent toward it self in order to form and ionic compound. is depend and upon the polarity of the molecules within the solution. As we will see, some species will have lower ionization energies as well as having higher reduction potential when compared to species of the same period.