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Chemistry LibreTexts

1.S: The Basics (Summary)

  • Page ID
  • Learning Objectives

    Upon mastering the material covered in this chapter, one should be able to do the following:

    1. Write down expressions from which work of motion and of expansion can be calculated.
    2. Express the “Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics.
    3. Convert between temperatures on several scales that are commonly used.
    4. Define boundaries that differentiate between a system and its surroundings.
    5. Perform calculations involving Specific Heat and understand how the specific heat governs temperature changes for the flow of a given amount of energy.

    Vocabulary and Concepts

    • calorie (cal)
    • Calorie (Cal)
    • closed system
    • energy
    • equation of state
    • extensive
    • heterogeneous
    • homogeneous
    • Ideal Gas Law
    • ideal gas law constant
    • intensive
    • isolated system
    • joule
    • kinetic energy
    • limiting ideal behavior
    • open system
    • platinum resistance thermometer
    • potential energy
    • pressure
    • reversible expansion
    • specific heat
    • state variables
    • surroundings
    • system
    • temperature
    • universe
    • work


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    3. (2004, April 26). Testimony of R. E. Smalley to the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources; Hearing on sustainable , low emission, elect. Retrieved March 10, 2016, from Energy Bulletin:
    4. Evangelista Torricelli. (n.d.). Retrieved March 3, 2016, from Famous Scientists:
    5. Gabriel Fahrenheit Biography. (2016). Retrieved March 10, 2016, from Encyclopedia of World Biography:
    6. Kelvin, Lord William Thomson (1824-1907) . (2007). (Wolfram Research) Retrieved March 10, 2016, from
    7. Mangum, B. W., & Furukawa, G. T. (1990). Guidelines for Realizing the International Practical Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90), NIST Technical Note 1265. Gaithersberg, MD: National Institutes of Standards and Technology.
    8. Strouse, G. F. (2008, January). Standard Platinum Resistance Thermometer Calibrations from the Ar TP to the Ag FP. National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 250-81.
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