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Chemistry LibreTexts

5.6: Summary

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  • The preceding discussion covers the most common cases of atom hybridization encountered in this course. The following summarizes the concepts associated with each type of hybridization.

    sp3 hybridization 4 orbitals tetrahedral geometry ideal angle: 109.5° single bonds
    sp2 hybridization 3 orbitals  trigonal planar geometry ideal angle: 120° double bonds
    sp hybridization 2 orbitals linear geometry ideal angle 180° triple bonds
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