Skip to main content
Chemistry LibreTexts

3.1: Exam 1

  • Page ID
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    ( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorA}[1]{\vec{#1}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorAt}[1]{\vec{\text{#1}}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorB}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorC}[1]{\textbf{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorD}[1]{\overrightarrow{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorDt}[1]{\overrightarrow{\text{#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectE}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash{\mathbf {#1}}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    1. (20 pts) Below are vibrations and orbitals of molecules that transform according to irreducible representations of their given point groups. Note: no derivations are needed to answer this problem.

    a. (10 pts) Five bending modes of XeF42- are shown below. Assign the modes to their appropriate irreducible representations.


    b. (10 pts) Olefins can bind to metal centers. Consider the simplets homoleptic complex, the bis(ethylene) complex. Ethylene binds to a metal through its pπ-orbitals. The four orbital symmetries appropriate for ligand binding to the metal are: A1, B2 and E. Below are shown the p-orbital contours for four orbitals. Color the p-orbitals to give the proper orbital symmetries. Label each of the completed diagrams with its irreducible representation


    2. (20 pts) Show that the point groups C3h and S3 are equivalent. You may use a stereographic projection to answer this problem.

    3. (20 pts) Short answers. Point values are assigned in parenthesis on each line.

    a. (9 pts) Identify the point group and list the generators for the letter S

    b. (5 pts) To which irreducible representation does the fxz2 orbital belong in the D2h point group?

    c. (6 pts) A molecule cannot be optically active if it has any Sn axes. Identify the optically active molecules below.


    4. (40 pts) H3+ was discovered only 12 years ago by Professor Takeshi Oka of the University of Chicago. The discovery has been profound as this molecule has been observed now at the galactic core. As professor Oka discussed yesterday at MIT, the presence of this molecule in the universe provides an important mechanism for star formation. Construct an energy level diagram for the two molecules using the Hückel approximation to determine the energies. Draw a correlation diagram that relates the Hückel energy levels of the two fragments.

    To shorten the time of this problem, consider using the D2h point group for the linear isomer of H3. Also, we provide one SALC for linear H3+ and two SALCs for cyclic H3+. You need only show work for the missing SALCs.


    This page titled 3.1: Exam 1 is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Daniel Nocera via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.