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Chemistry LibreTexts

Preparation and uses of Silver chloride and Silver nitrate

  • Page ID
  • Silver Chloride

    AgNO3 combines with chloride ions and forms AgCl precipitate.


    • AgCl is obtained as a white precipitate
    • AgCl is insoluble in water.
    • It is soluble in aqueous ammonia

    action of NH3 with AgCl

    Silver Nitrate

    In the preparation of silver nitrate dilute nitric acid is used. Silver combines with HNO3 and forms silver nitrate.


    • It is colorless and is soluble in water.
    • On heating AgNO3 decomposes and forms silver, nitrogen dioxide and oxygen.

    decomposition of silver nitrate

    AgNO3 forms precipitates with chlorides, bromides, phosphates and sulphides. It is extensively used in laboratories.