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12.6: Appendix 2- Selected Thermodynamic Values

  • Page ID
    183372
  • Selected Thermodynamic Values (at 298.15 K)

    Substance ΔHf° (kJ/mol) S° (J/K·mol) ΔGf° (kJ/mol)
    Aluminum      
    Al(s) 0 28.3 0
    AlCl3(s) -704.2 110.67 -628.8
    Al2O3(s) -1675.7 50.92 -1582.3
    Barium      
    BaCl2(s) -858.6 123.68 -810.4
    BaCl2 • 2 H2O (s) -1460.1 203 -1296.5
    BaO(s) -553.5 70.42 -525.1
    Ba(OH)2 • 8 H2O (s) -3342 427 -2793
    BaSO4(s) -1473.2 132.2 -1362.2
    Beryllium      
    Be(s) 0 9.5 0
    Be(OH)2(s) -902.5 51.9 -815
    Bromine      
    Br(g) 111.884 175.022 82.396
    Br2(liq) 0 152.2 0
    Br2(g) 30.907 245.463 3.11
    BrF3(g) -255.6 292.53 -229.43
    HBr(g) -36.4 198.695 -53.45
    Calcium      
    Ca(s) 0 41.42 0
    Ca(g) 178.2 158.884 144.3
    Ca2+(g) 1925.9    
    CaC2(s) -59.8 69.96 -64.9
    CaCO3 (s; calcite) -1206.92 92.9 -1128.79
    CaCl2(s) -795.8 104.6 -748.1
    CaF2(s) -1219.6 68.87 -1167.3
    CaH2(s) -186.2 42 -147.2
    CaO(s) -635.09 39.75 -604.03
    CaS(s) -482.4 56.5 -477.4
    Ca(OH)2(s) -986.09 83.39 -898.49
    Ca(OH)2(aq) -1002.82 -74.5 -868.07
    CaSO4(s) -1434.11 106.7 -1321.79
    Carbon      
    C(s, graphite) 0 5.74 0
    C(s, diamond) 1.895 2.377 2.9
    C(g) 716.682 158.096 671.257
    CCl4(liq) -135.44 216.4 -65.21
    CCl4(g) -102.9 309.85 -60.59
    CHCl3(liq) -134.47 201.7 -73.66
    CHCl3(g) -103.14 295.71 -70.34
    CH4 (g, methane) -74.81 186.264 -50.72
    C2H2 (g, ethyne) 226.73 200.94 209.2
    C2H4 (g,ethene) 52.26 219.56 68.15
    C2H6 (g, ethane) -84.68 229.6 -32.82
    C3H8 (g, propane) -103.8 269.9 -23.49
    C4H10 (g, butane) -888.0    
    C6H6 (liq, benzene) 49.03 172.8 124.5
    C6H14(liq) -198.782 296.018 -4.035
    C8H18(liq) -249.952 361.205 6.707
    CH3OH(liq, methanol) -238.66 126.8 -166.27
    CH3OH(g, methanol) -200.66 239.81 -161.96
    C2H5OH(liq, ethanol) -277.69 160.7 -174.78
    C2H5OH(g, ethanol) -235.1 282.7 -168.49
    CH3COOH(liq) -276.981 160.666 -173.991
    CO(NH2)2(s, urea) -333.5 104.6 -197.4
    CO(g) -110.525 197.674 -137.168
    CO2(g) -393.509 213.74 -394.359
    CS2(g) 117.36 237.84 67.12
    COCl2(g) -218.8 283.53 -204.6
    Cesium      
    Cs(s) 0 85.23 0
    Cs+(g) 457.964    
    CsCl(s) -443.04 101.17 -414.53
    Chlorine      
    Cl(g) 121.679 165.198 105.68
    Cl-(g) -233.13    
    Cl2(g) 0 223.066 0
    HCl(g) -92.307 186.908 -95.299
    HCl(aq) -167.159 56.5 -131.228
    Chromium      
    Cr(s) 0 23.77 0
    Cr2O3(s) -1139.7 81.2 -1058.1
    CrCl3(s) -556.5 123 -486.1
    Copper      
    Cu(s) 0 33.15 0
    CuO(s) -157.3 42.63 -129.7
    CuCl2(s) -220.1 108.07 -175.7
    Fluorine      
    F2(g) 0 202.78 0
    F(g) 78.99 158.754 61.91
    F-(g) -255.39    
    F-(aq) -332.63 -13.8 -278.79
    HF(g) -271.1 173.779 -273.2
    HF(aq) -332.63 -13.8 -278.79
    Hydrogen      
    H2(g) 0 130.684 0
    H(g) 217.965 114.713 203.247
    H+(g) 1536.202    
    H2O(liq) -285.83 69.91 -237.129
    H2O(g) -241.818 188.825 -228.572
    H2O2(liq) -187.78 109.6 -120.35
    Iodine      
    I2(s) 0 116.135 0
    I2(g) 62.438 260.69 19.327
    I(g) 106.838 180.791 70.25
    I-(g) -197    
    ICl(g) 17.78 247.551 -5.46
    Iron      
    Fe(s) 0 27.78 0
    FeO(s) -272    
    Fe2O3(s, hematite) -824.2 87.4 -742.2
    Fe3O4(s, magnetite) -1118.4 146.4 -1015.4
    FeCl2(s) -341.79 117.95 -302.3
    FeCl3(s) -399.49 142.3 -344
    FeS2(s, pyrite) -178.2 52.93 -166.9
    Fe(CO)5(liq) -774 338.1 -705.3
    Lead      
    Pb(s) 0 64.81 0
    PbCl2(s) -359.41 136 -314.1
    PbO(s, yellow) -217.32 68.7 -187.89
    PbS(s) -100.4 91.2 -98.7
    Lithium      
    Li(s) 0 29.12 0
    Li+(g) 685.783    
    LiOH(s) -484.93 42.8 -438.95
    LiOH(aq) -508.48 2.8 -450.58
    LiCl(s) -408.701 59.33 -384.37
    Magnesium      
    Mg(s) 0 32.68 0
    MgCl2(g) -641.32 89.62 -591.79
    MgO(s) -601.7 26.94 -569.43
    Mg(OH)2(s) -924.54 63.18 -833.51
    MgS(s) -346 50.33 -341.8
    Mercury      
    Hg(liq) 0 29.87 0
    HgCl2(s) -224.3 146 -178.6
    HgO(s, red) -90.83 70.29 -58.539
    HgS(s, red) -58.2 82.4 -50.6
    Nickel      
    Ni(s) 0 29.87 0
    NiO(s) -239.7 37.99 -211.7
    NiCl2(s) -305.332 97.65 -259.032
    Nitrogen      
    N2(g) 0 191.61 0
    N(g) 472.704 153.298 455.563
    NH3(g) -46.11 192.45 -16.45
    N2H4(liq) 50.63 121.21 149.34
    NH4Cl(s) -314.43 94.6 -202.87
    NH4Cl(aq) -299.66 169.9 -210.52
    NH4NO3(s) -365.56 151.08 -183.87
    NH4NO3(aq) -339.87 259.8 -190.56
    NO(g) 90.25 210.76 86.55
    NO2(g) 33.18 240.06 51.31
    N2O(g) 82.05 219.85 104.2
    N2O4(g) 9.16 304.29 97.89
    NOCl(g) 51.71 261.69 66.08
    HNO3(liq) -174.1 155.6 -80.71
    HNO3(g) -135.06 266.38 -74.72
    HNO3(aq) -207.36 146.4 -111.25
    Oxygen      
    O2(g) 0 205.138 0
    O(g) 249.17 161.055 231.731
    O3(g) 142.7 238.93 163.2
    Phosphorus      
    P4(s, white) 0 164.36 0
    P4(s, red) -70.4 91.2 -48.4
    P(g) 314.64 163.193 278.25
    PH3(g) 5.4 310.23 13.4
    PCl3(g) -287 311.78 -267.8
    P4O10(s) -2984 228.86 -2697.7
    H3PO4(s) -1279 110.5 -1119.1
    Potassium      
    K(s) 0 64.18 0
    KCl(s) -436.747 82.59 -409.14
    KClO3(s) -397.73 143.1 -296.25
    KI(s) -327.9 106.32 -324.892
    KOH(s) -424.764 78.9 -379.08
    KOH(aq) -482.37 91.6 -440.5
    Silicon      
    Si(s) 0 18.83 0
    SiBr4(liq) -457.3 277.8 -443.8
    SiC(s) -65.3 16.61 -62.8
    SiCl4(g) -657.01 330.73 -616.98
    SiH4(g) 34.3 204.62 56.9
    SiF4(g) -1614.94 282.49 -1572.65
    SiO2(s, quartz) -910.94 41.84 -856.64
    Silver      
    Ag(s) 0 42.55 0
    Ag2O(s) -31.05 121.3 -11.2
    AgCl(s) -127.068 96.2 -109.789
    AgNO3(s) -124.39 140.92 -33.41
    Sodium      
    Na(s) 0 51.21 0
    Na(g) 107.32 153.712 76.761
    Na+(g) 609.358    
    NaBr(s) -361.062 86.82 -348.983
    NaCl(s) -411.153 72.13 -384.138
    NaCl(g) -176.65 229.81 -196.66
    NaCl(aq) -407.27 115.5 -393.133
    NaOH(s) -425.609 64.455 -379.484
    NaOH(aq) -470.114 48.1 -419.15
    Na2CO3(s) -1130.68 134.98 -1044.44
    Sulfur      
    S(s, rhombic) 0 31.8 0
    S(g) 278.805 167.821 238.25
    S2Cl2(g) -18.4 331.5 -31.8
    SF6(g) 1209 291.82 -1105.3
    H2S(g) -20.63 205.79 -33.56
    SO2(g) -296.83 248.22 -300.194
    SO3(g) -395.72 256.76 -371.06
    SOCl2(g) -212.5 309.77 -198.3
    H2SO4(liq) -813.989 156.904 -690.003
    H2SO4(aq) -909.27 20.1 -744.53
    Tin      
    Sn(s, white) 0 51.55 0
    Sn(s, gray) -2.09 44.14 0.13
    SnCl4(liq) -511.3 248.6 -440.1
    SnCl4(g) -471.5 365.8 -432.2
    SnO2(s) -580.7 52.3 -519.6
    Titanium      
    Ti(s) 0 30.63 0
    TiCl4(liq) -804.2 252.34 -737.2
    TiCl4(g) -763.2 354.9 -726.7
    TiO2(s) -939.7 49.92 -884.5
    Zinc      
    Zn(s) 0 41.63 0
    ZnCl2(s) -415.05 111.46 -369.398
    ZnO(s) -348.28 43.64 -318.3
    ZnS(s, sphalerite) -205.98 57.7 -201.29
    Aqueous Ions and Molecules      
    Ca2+(aq) -542.96 -55.2 -553.04
    CO32-(aq) -676.26 -53.1 -528.1
    CO2(aq) -413.8 117.6 -386.0
    Cl-(aq) -167.16 56.5 -131.26
    H+(aq) 0   0
    HCO2-(aq) -410 91.6 -335
    HCO2H(aq) -410 164 -356
    HCO3-(aq) -691.11 95 -587.06
    H2CO3(aq) -698.7 191 -623.42
    NH3(aq) -80.29 111 -26.6
    OH-(aq) -229.94 -10.54 -157.3
    Ag+(aq) 105.58 72.68 77.124