Demonstrate a model mass spectrometer built by affixing a magnet to the bottom at the center of a ~60 x 20 cm plexiglas ramp. Roll ball bearings of different size (from BB to 1 cm) down the ramp, and observe different deflections depending on mass. The top of the ramp is ~2 cm higher than the bottom, and a small dimple is drilled in the plexiglas near the top as a starting point. The bottom may rest on collection trays for different deflections.
The differences between magnetic deflection of metal balls and charged particles should be emphasized: The force depends on the velocity and the charge for nuclei, and is in a direction determined by the right hand rule.
The radius of curvature is given by: r = m (kg) v (m/s) / q (Coulombs) B (Tesla)
Several simulations are available on the web, for example  and .
- J. Chem. Educ., 1989, 66 (12), p 1039
- Chemistry DEMOS [www.colby.edu]