# 11.1: Exercises

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Assign one of the structures A – J presented on page 2 to each of the IR spectra provided (1 – 10). Base your assignment on one or more key frequencies, according to guidelines presented in the recitation notes and on p. A19–A31 of your textbook. Especially useful are p. A19 and A20. For each spectrum do the following:

1. Mark key absorption frequencies in the spectrum, and associate each with a specific bond (e.g. O–H, C=O). Keep in mind that there are usually only one or two key bands in each spectrum, although in some cases you might observe up to three. Do not label the alkane C–H stretch, since these bands are present in most organic compounds.

2. Assign a letter from the structures given (A – J). There is only one structure per spectrum.

3. Identify the main functional group present in the structure (i.e. ketone, alcohol, etc.).

4. Provide approximate frequency values for the bands you labeled in the spectrum (in cm–1), and identify their shape (broad, medium, or narrow) and intensity (weak, medium, or strong). Each of the above items is worth 2.5 points, for a total of 10 points per question.

Each of the above items is worth 2.5 points, for a total of 10 points per question.

Key Bands

 Bond: O-H Approximate frequency: 3000 Shape: broad Intensity: strong Bond: C=O Approximate frequency: 1700 Shape: medium Intensity: strong

STRUCTURES

KEY BANDS

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KEY BANDS:

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KEY BANDS:

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KEY BANDS:

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KEY BANDS:

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KEY BANDS:

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KEY BANDS:

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KEY BANDS:

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KEY BANDS:

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