This text focuses on introducing students to the postulates and general principles of quantum mechanics. Application to harmonic oscillator, rigid rotor, one-electron and many-electron atoms, and homo- and hetero-nuclear diatomic molecules are discussed including variational method and time-independent perturbation theory approximations.
- The particle in a box model provides one of the very few problems in quantum mechanics which can be solved analytically, without approximations. This means that the observable properties of the particle (such as its energy and position) are related to the mass of the particle and the width of the well by simple mathematical expressions. Due to its simplicity, the model allows insight into quantum effects without the need for complicated mathematics.
- Electrons with more than one atom, such as Helium (He), and Nitrogen (N), are referred to as multi-electron atoms. Hydrogen is the only atom in the periodic table that has one electron in the orbitals under ground state. We will learn how additional electrons behave and affect a certain atom.