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LibreCommons Accessibility Conformance Report

  • Page ID
    370645
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    The purpose of this Accessibility Conformance Report (ACR) is to assist LibreTexts users in making preliminary assessments regarding the accessibility support provided by the LibreTexts LibreCommons product.

    Name of Product and Version

    LibreCommons

    Report Date

    March 2022

    Product Description

    The LibreTexts LibreCommons is an online catalog of Open Educational Resources (OERs) available in the LibreTexts Libraries.

    Contact Information

    Information About LibreTexts

    Notes

    This report is based on sample content, as of the date of this report, that students and instructors would use to:

    • Search the online catalog for OERs in a LibreTexts Library
    • Navigate to OERs by Library and Collection
    • View ADAPT assignments associated with specific OERs
    • Search for OERs that are in the process of being added to LibreTexts.

    Evaluation Methods Used

    LibreTexts LibreCommons web content and user pages were evaluated using automated and manual testing procedures by a certified Trusted Tester Version 5 with the Chrome browser version 99 on Windows 10.

    Additionally, testing with screen reading software was conducted by an expert user of screen reading software. The evaluator worked through the sample of online catalog content using JAWS for Windows (version 2022) screen reading software with the Chrome browser version 99.

    Applicable Standards and Guidelines

    This report covers the degree of conformance for the following accessibility standard or guidelines:

    Terms

    The terms used in the Conformance Level information are defined as follows:

    • Supports: The functionality of the product has at least one method that meets the criterion without known defects or meets with equivalent facilitation.
    • Partially Supports: Some functionality of the product does not meet the criterion.
    • Does Not Support: The majority of product functionality does not meet the criterion.
    • Not Applicable: The criterion is not relevant to the product.
    • Not Evaluated: Evaluation of this product against the criterion is pending.

    A response may use “Supports” instead of using “Not Applicable” to mean that if there is no content to which a success criterion applies, the success criterion is satisfied.

    WCAG 2.1 Report

    Note: When reporting on conformance with the WCAG 2.1 Success Criteria, they are scoped for full pages, complete processes, and accessibility-supported ways of using technology as documented in the WCAG 2.1 ­Conformance Requirements.

    WCAG 2.1 Accessibility Conformance

    Conformance Level Number of Criteria Percent
    Supports (labeled in green) 32 57%
    Partially Supports (labeled in yellow) 15 27%
    Does Not Support (labeled in red) 9 16%
    Not Evaluated (labeled in blue) 0 0%

    Table Information for ACR Readers

    For each of the standards or guidelines, the criteria are listed in a table. The structures of the tables are as follows: the first column contains the criteria being evaluated, the second column describes the level of conformance of the product regarding the criteria, and the third column contains additional remarks and explanations regarding the product, including whether known workarounds are available in the Student Accessibility Guide (under development).

    Table 1: WCAG 2.1 Level A

    Success Criterion Conformance Level Remarks and Explanations
    1.1.1 Non-text Content Supports

    Meaningful images have alt-text descriptions.

    Decorative images do not have alt-text descriptions.

    When background images that represent meaningful information are used, the information is presented as an accessible alternative.

    CAPTCHA images are not used on the pages.

    1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded) Supports There is no audio-only content in the sample reviewed. There is no video-only content in the sample reviewed. This success criterion is not applicable.
    1.2.2 Captions (Prerecorded) Supports There is no prerecorded synchronized media. This success criterion is not applicable.
    1.2.3 Audio Description or Media Alternative (Prerecorded) Supports There is no prerecorded synchronized media. This success criterion is not applicable.
    1.3.1 Info and Relationships Partially Supports

    Not all form fields are described with accessible names, descriptions, or other programmatic associations that include all relevant instructions and cues (textual and graphical). The accessible names of form fields on the Catalog Homepage will be updated: the Advanced Search form elements will include the category and Search by or similar; page links will include page 1 or similar; the sort option, will include Sort by Title or similar; the Facebook and Twitter links will include Follow LibreTexts on Facebook or similar. Also on the Catalog Homepage, the Menu button will be updated to include an accessible name when the page is magnified up to 200% with the browser settings.

    Each programmatically determinable heading is a visual headings and most visual headings are programmatically determinable. On the Catalog Book pages, the titles for pop-ups will be updated to programmatic headings level 2.

    Programmatic headings do not always logically match the visual heading presentation within the page heading structure. On the Catalog Homepage, Welcome to LibreCommons will be converted to a single programmatic heading level 1. On the Catalog Book pages, in Peer Reviews, the headings level 4 will be changed to headings level 3.

    Not all visually apparent lists are correctly structured programmatic lists. On the Catalog Book pages, the Table of Contents will be updated as nested lists. On the Homework pages, the lists in the View Assignments pop-ups will be updated to programmatic lists.

    All caps are used for text that is not acronyms. On the Catalog Homepage, table column headers will be changed from all caps to title case, for example, TITLE, SUBJECT, AUTHOR, and AFFILIATION in the Visual Mode table.

    Italics is used for text on the page when not required by a formatting convention, such as American Psychological Association (APA) style. On the Catalog Homepage, the use of italics from the text designating affiliation will be removed. On the Catalog Book pages, in the Peer Reviews, the use of italics from responses will be removed.

    Bold text is used as the only means of conveying meaning in some instances. On the Catalog Book pages, bold text will be converted to normal text and form labels using bold text will be programmatically associated with the form fields.

    Data tables are identified as tables.

    Some data tables do not have row headers. On the Catalog Homepage, on the Itemized Mode, the first column of the table will be labeled as the row header.

    Layout tables are not used.

    Meaningful information is provided by the CSS pseudo-elements ::before or ::after without providing the information in another way. On the Catalog Homepage, text labels will be added the Facebook and Twitter links so that the information will not only be provided using ::before. On the Catalog Book pages, the expand and collapse functionality will be provided without only using ::before to add the expand and collapse icons.

    1.3.2 Meaningful Sequence Supports he reading order of the content is correct and the meaning of the content is preserved without CSS positioning.
    1.3.3 Sensory Characteristics Supports Instructions for understanding and operating content do not use sensory information to convey information (for example, references to shape, size, visual location, orientation, or sound).
    1.4.1 Use of Color Partially Supports Color is sometimes used as the only means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element. On the Catalog Book pages, error messages will be updated so that the message does not rely on color to convey the meaning.
    1.4.2 Audio Control Supports There is no audio content that plays automatically for more than 3 seconds. This success criterion is not applicable.
    2.1.1 Keyboard Partially Supports

    Not all functionality can be accessed and executed using only the keyboard. On the Catalog Homepage, the Campus Commons list box will be updated so that the options will be keyboard accessible, and the tooltips on links in Itemized Mode that are not keyboard accessible will be removed. On the Catalog Book pages, the Table of Contents will be updated so that the expand and collapse functionality is keyboard accessible.

    A keyboard method is provided for functionality to be activated without requiring users to perform specific timings for activation. The timing of the keystrokes is not required to activate the element (the speed at which a button that is part of viewing a session is activated, and there is no timing dependent functionality).

    2.1.2 No Keyboard Trap Supports There is no keyboard trap.
    2.1.4 Character Key Shortcuts Supports Single key character shortcuts are not used. This success criterion is not applicable.
    2.2.1 Timing Adjustable Supports Content on the pages does not have time limits. This success criterion is not applicable.
    2.2.2 Pause, Stop, Hide Does Not Support

    Some content continues moving for more than 5 seconds without a mechanism to pause, stop, or hide the content. On the Catalog Homepage, the animation of images that do not provide a mechanism to pause, stop, or hide the content, such as the Anatomy and Physiology image of a heart pumping, will be removed.

    There is no automatically updating content.

    2.3.1 Three Flashes or Below Threshold Supports There is no flashing content.
    2.4.1 Bypass Blocks Does Not Support No keyboard-accessible method to bypass repetitive content is provided to move past repetitive content. A keyboard accessible skip navigation link will be added at the beginning of the page content for all pages with repetitive content. On the Catalog page, the skip navigation link will move the focus to the heading level 2 The World's Most Popular Online Textbook Platform, Centralized.
    2.4.2 Page Titled Supports

    A page title element is defined for each web page.

    The title element of the web page identifies its contents or purpose.

    2.4.3 Focus Order Does Not Support

    The focus order does not preserve the meaning and operability of the page. On the Catalog Book pages, the Adoption Report pop-up, and pop-ups on other pages, will be updated so that the focus stays within the pop-up until the user dismisses the pop-up.

    When the keyboard is used to activate or trigger controls that reveal hidden content, focus is not always moved to the revealed content. On the Catalog Homepage, the Campus Commons list box will be updated so that when the keyboard is used to activate the menu the focus is moved to the revealed items. On the Catalog Book pages, the Submit Adoption Report button and the Submit a Peer Review button will be updated so that when the keyboard is used to activate the button the focus is moved to the revealed pop-up.

    When page content is hidden or dismissed, focus does not return to a logical sequence. On the Catalog Book pages, the Submit an Adoption Report pop-up will be updated so that when it is dismissed, the focus will return to the Submit an Adoption Report button on the Catalog Book page.

    2.4.4 Link Purpose (In Context) Does Not Support The purpose of some links or buttons cannot be programmatically determined. On the Catalog Homepage, the accessible names of the Facebook and Twitter links will be updated to Follow LibreTexts on Facebook or similar, and Contact Us will be updated to Email Us or Contact Us by Email so that users are informed that their email client may open when the link is activated. On the Homework pages, the accessible names of the View Assignment buttons will be updated to include the title of the associated resource, such as View Assignments in Psychology (OpenStax).
    2.5.1 Pointer Gestures Supports All functionality that can be operated with a pointer can be operated with single-pointer actions. Path-based or multi-point gestures are not required to operate any functionality.
    2.5.2 Pointer Cancellation Supports For functionality that can be operated using a single-pointer the action is not triggered on the down event.
    2.5.3 Label in Name Does Not Support For each user interface component that includes a visible text label, not all have accessible names that match (or include) the visible text in the label. On the Catalog Homepage, the accessible names of the Advanced Search form elements (except for Library and License), numbers of page results list boxes, and sort results list boxes will be updated to include the visible text labels. On the Catalog Book pages, the accessible names of form fields will be updated to include the visible text labels. On the Libraries page, the accessible name for the display mode list box will be updated to include the current selection, Visual or Itemized.
    2.5.4 Motion Actuation Supports No functionality has been implemented that can be triggered by motion actuation. This success criterion is not applicable.
    3.1.1 Language of Page Supports The default primary language is correctly specified as en and matches the default human language of the page.
    3.1.2 Language of Parts Partially Supports The human language for content segments that differ from the default human language of the page cannot be programmatically determined. For example, on the Catalog Homepage the human language, Spanish, for the text Antología Abierta de Literatura Hispana cannot be programmatically determined. Appropriate language tags will be added to identify the human language for content segments that differ from the default English language of the page, such as adding the language tag es for the text Antología Abierta de Literatura Hispana.
    3.2.1 On Focus Partially Supports When some interface components receive focus, there are unexpected changes of context that occur, for example, focus is moved to another interface component. On the Catalog Homepage, the Campus Commons list box, the Advanced Search list boxes, the Displaying number of items list boxes, the Sort By list box, and Visual Mode list box will be updated so that they do not open on focus.
    3.2.2 On Input Supports Changing the value of form elements does not initiate an unexpected change of context.
    3.3.1 Error Identification Partially Supports Some errors are not identified in text and sufficiently described to the user in text. On the Catalog Book pages, page content will be updated so that errors are identified in text and sufficiently described to the user in text.
    3.3.2 Labels or Instructions Partially Supports Labels or instructions are either not provided for each form element or the label or instruction is not visible when the form field has focus. On the Catalog Homepage, labels that are visible when the form field has focus will be added for the Advanced Search form elements.
    4.1.1 Parsing Supports The pages were tested with the W3C Markup Validation Service. There are no markup errors or warnings.
    4.1.2 Name, Role, Value Partially Supports

    The page content does not update or change automatically.

    The page does not provide notification of each form-related change in content. On the Catalog Homepage, the list boxes will be updated so that content does not change until the option is selected with the keyboard. On the Catalog Book pages, the list boxes will be updated so that the content does not change until the option is selected with the keyboard.

    The pages provide notification of changes in content that are the result of interaction with a link or button, either through the link or button text or programmatic label.

    Frames are not used.

    iFrames are not used.

    Table 2: WCAG 2.1 Level AA

    Success Criterion Conformance Level Remarks and Explanations
    1.2.4 Captions (Live) Supports There is no live synchronized media. This success criterion is not applicable.
    1.2.5 Audio Description (Prerecorded) Supports There is no prerecorded synchronized media. This success criterion is not applicable.
    1.3.4 Orientation Supports Orientation of the content is not locked to either landscape or portrait, unless a specific orientation is essential for the functionality.
    1.3.5 Identify Input Purpose Partially Supports The purpose for some common input fields that collect an individual's personal data is not programmatically defined based on the list of 53 Input Purposes for User Interface Components. On the Catalog Book pages, the email and name fields will be updated with the corresponding auto-complete attributes.
    1.4.10 Reflow Partially Supports Some page content and functionality are not viewable at 320 pixels (400% magnification) without requiring horizontal scrolling. On the Catalog Homepage, the navigation menu, the programmatic heading level 1 LibreCommons, the previous and next page links, and the footer text will be updated to be viewable at 320 pixels without requiring horizontal scrolling. On the Catalog Book pages, a keyboard accessible option to scroll content within the Adoption Report pop-up will be added and page content will be updated so that all content is viewable at 320 pixels without requiring horizontal scrolling.
    1.4.11 Non-text Contrast Does Not Support

    Visual boundaries are not used as the only means of indicating an active user component's hit area.

    The visual state of some active user interface components do not have sufficient contrast of 3 to 1 with the adjacent background. On the Catalog Homepage, the following content will be updated to have sufficient color contrast: the hover state of the About LibreTexts, Campus Commons, Login to Conductor, Contact Us, Legal, and Accessibility links; the hover state of items in the Campus Commons list box; the focused state of the Search Catalog field and list boxes on the page; and the hover state and focused state of the Menu button when the page is magnified at 200% with the browser settings. On the Catalog Book pages, the following content will be updated to have sufficient color contrast: the hovered and focused states of the Reading Option links; the hovered and focused states of the Show and Hide buttons. On the Catalog Book pages pop-ups with form fields, the following content will be updated to have sufficient color contrast: the hovered state of list boxes, Cancel button, and Submit button; the focused state of edit fields and list box items; the focused state of edit fields with errors; the hovered and focused states of items in list boxes; the focused and hovered states of radio buttons and check boxes. On the Libraries page, the hovered state of the library subject links (cards) will be updated to have sufficient color contrast.

    Parts of graphics required to understand the content have a contrast ratio of 3 to 1 against adjacent colors.

    1.4.12 Text Spacing Partially Supports The spacing between some letters and words can be adjusted but the spacing between some lines of text and/or paragraphs cannot be adjusted. Page content will be updated so that the spacing between lines of text and/or paragraphs can be adjusted.
    1.4.13 Content on Hover or Focus Does Not Support Some tooltips on the pages do not allow the user to move the pointer over that same additional content without the additional content disappearing (the tooltips associated with the links are not hoverable). On the Catalog Homepage, tooltips on links in Itemized Mode that are not hoverable will be removed.
    1.4.3 Contrast (Minimum) Does Not Support Some text does not have sufficient color contrast. On the Catalog Homepage, the text Welcome to, the Contact Us, Legal, and Accessibility links text, the text used for subjects (for example, Biology), and the Search text label will be updated to have sufficient color contrast. On the Catalog Book pages, the breadcrumbs link text, the Submit an Adoption Report button text, the Read Online and other blue buttons text, the footer links, the placeholder text used for form fields, and the Submit, View, and Done buttons text will be updated to have sufficient color contrast. On the Libraries page, the breadcrumb link text and the bookshelf links text will be updated to have sufficient color contrast. On the Homework pages, the View Assignment, View Course, and Done buttons text will be updated to have sufficient color contrast.
    1.4.4 Resize Text Partially Supports When page content is resized to at least 200% using the browser magnification, there is some loss of content or functionality. On the Catalog Homepage page, the text The World's Most Popular Online Textbook Platform, Centralized will be updated to be a programmatic heading level 2, and in the Itemized Mode, the library icons will be updated so that they are left-justified with the other content and the resource titles will be updated to be programmatic headings level 3.
    1.4.5 Images of Text Supports Images of text are not used on the pages and if images of text are used, the meaningful information is provided in another way.
    2.4.5 Multiple Ways Supports Only one way is provided to locate a web page within a set of web pages, excluding web pages that are the result of, or a step in, a process (for example, taking an exam). The site will be updated to include at least a second way to locate pages within the LibreCommons set of web pages (for example, by adding a site map), except when a page is a step in a process, such as the Adoption Report form on the Catalog Book page.
    2.4.6 Headings and Labels Partially Supports

    Not all labels for form elements are sufficiently descriptive. On the Catalog Homepage page, the labels for the Advanced Search form fields when the fields have focus will be updated to be more descriptive.

    Not all headings on the pages describe the topic or purpose of its content. On the Catalog Homepage, Welcome to LibreCommons will be updated to be a single heading level 1. On the Libraries page, the number of resources will be added after ther subjects that are headings level 3, similar to the Collections page.

    2.4.7 Focus Visible Partially Supports A visible indication of focus is not provided when focus is on some interface components. On the Catalog Homepage, the Campus Commons list box will be updated so that when the content is dismissed with the keyboard there is a visible indication of focus added to the Campus Commons list box, and a visible indication of focus will be added to the Search Catalog button. On the Catalog Book pages, a visible indication of focus will be added to the Submit a Peer Review link, and the Submit an Adoption Report and other Reading Option links will be updated to have clearer visible indication of focus.
    3.2.3 Consistent Navigation Partially Supports Some navigational elements that occur across multiple pages are not presented in the same relative order. On the Collections page, the sort by title filter box will be moved to the same relative location as on the Catalog page Homepage.
    3.2.4 Consistent Identification Supports Components with identical functionality are identified consistently.
    3.3.3 Error Suggestion Supports The description of errors contains adequate information for the user to know what is required to correct errors in form fields.
    3.3.4 Error Prevention (Legal, Financial, Data) Supports Users are not required to submit user form entries that result in or cause legal commitments or financial transactions, submit entries that modify or delete user-controllable data in a data storage system, or to submit test responses. This support criterion is not applicable.
    4.1.3 Status Messages Does Not Support When status messages are used, the status messages cannot be programmatically determined through role or properties such that they can be presented to the user by assistive technologies without receiving focus. On the Catalog Book pages, the status messages for the Submit Adoption Report form and Submit a Peer Review form will be updated so that they can be presented to the user by assistive technologies without receiving focus.

    Table 3: Revised 508 Standards

    Success Criterion Conformance Level Remarks and Explanations
    503.4 User Controls for Captions and Audio Description Supports There is no media player. This success criterion is not applicable.
    503.4.1 Caption Controls Supports There is no media player. This success criterion is not applicable.
    503.4.2 Audio Description Controls Supports There is no media player. This success criterion is not applicable.
    504.2.1 Preservation of Information Provided for Accessibility in Format Conversion Supports There is only a format conversion tool on the Catalog Book pages. The format conversion tool will be reviewed separately.
    504.2.2 PDF Export Supports There is only a PDF export function on the Catalog Book pages. The PDF export function will be reviewed separately.
    Conforming Alternate Version Supports There is only one version of the page content. This success criterion is not applicable.

    Legal Disclaimer LibreTexts

    This document is for informational purposes only. LibreTexts makes no warranties, expressed or implied, in this document. The information contained in this document represents the current view of LibreTexts on the issues discussed as of the date of publication. Because LibreTexts must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of LibreTexts, and LibreTexts cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information presented after the date of publication.


    LibreCommons Accessibility Conformance Report is shared under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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