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Send Email from NodeMCU

  • Page ID
    290610
  • You will need

    • ESP8266-NodeMCU Development Board
    • USB to MicroUSB cable

    Set up SMTP server

    1. Go to https://www.smtp2go.com/

    2. Click Try SMTP2GO Free. This plan includes up to a thousand emails per month, which should be enough for our needs.

    clipboard_e292b5bb2e7d6b310f61aff16e4c6ae9f.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\): Select the Free Plan

    3.  Follow the steps to create a new account. You must use your work/school email since SMTP2GO does not work with public domains (like @gmail.com)

    4. Check your email and activate account

    clipboard_e32aafe0053bfe52d5485b8333faf391d.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{2}\): Confirmation email

    5. Write down/copy your SMTP Username and SMTP Password and click “Finish”

    6. Navigate to Settings → SMTP Users. Where you can find SMTP Server and Port

    clipboard_e0cd41f8ed53c0a43a2ca1acc7f79fe65.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{3}\): Look for SMTP Server and Port

    7. Change Username and Password. We have to change Username and Password to base64 encoded format with ASCII character set. Go to  https://www.base64encode.org/. Use the picture below as a reference for settings. 

    clipboard_e5ec382c83dd5f8b6265e8de0a7c13f70.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{4}\): Make sure you set everything exactly the way this image shows

    Add your Username and Password (from step 5) as two separate lines and hit >ENCODE< 

    Copy the encoded username and password.

     

    Test Email

    We will start by sending a test email that will contain three lines. Open Arduino and paste the code below. You will need to read the comments and change the code accordingly.

    #include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
    const char* ssid = "WiFi Name";   // Enter the name of your WiFi Network.
    const char* password = "WiFi Password";  // Enter WiFi Password.
    char server[] = "mail.smtp2go.com";   // The SMTP Server the we setup earlier
     
    WiFiClient espClient;
     
    
    void setup() {
      Serial.begin(115200);
      delay(10);
      Serial.println("");
      Serial.println("");
      Serial.print("Connecting To: ");
      Serial.println(ssid);
      WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
     
      while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
           delay(500);
           Serial.print("*");
      }
      Serial.println("");
      Serial.println("WiFi Connected.");
      byte ret = sendEmail();
     }
     
    
    void loop(){
    }
     
    byte sendEmail() {
      if (espClient.connect(server, 2525) == 1)  {
           Serial.println(F("connected"));
      } else {
           Serial.println(F("connection failed"));
           return 0;
      }
      if (!emailResp())
        return 0;
     
      Serial.println(F("Sending EHLO"));
      espClient.println("EHLO www.example.com");
      if (!emailResp())
           return 0;
     
      Serial.println(F("Sending auth login"));
      espClient.println("AUTH LOGIN");
      if (!emailResp())
           return 0;
      
      Serial.println(F("Sending User"));
     
     
      espClient.println("Enter Encoded Username Here"); // Paste your encoded Username here
      if (!emailResp())
           return 0;
     
      Serial.println(F("Sending Password"));
     
      espClient.println("Your Encoded Password Here"); // Paste your encoded Password here
    
      if (!emailResp())
           return 0;
     
      Serial.println(F("Sending From"));
     
      espClient.println(F("MAIL From: xyz@gmail.com")); // Replace with sender email address
      if (!emailResp())
           return 0;
     
      Serial.println(F("Sending To"));
      espClient.println(F("RCPT To: xyz@ualr.edu")); // Replace with receiver email address
      if (!emailResp())
           return 0;
     
      Serial.println(F("Sending DATA"));
      espClient.println(F("DATA"));
      if (!emailResp())
           return 0;
      Serial.println(F("Sending email"));
     
      espClient.println(F("To:  xyz@ualr.edu ")); // Replace with receiver email address
    
      espClient.println(F("From: xyz@gmail.com")); // Replace with sender email address
      espClient.println(F("Subject: ESP8266 test e-mail\r\n")); // Edit subject as needed
      espClient.println(F("This is is a test e-mail sent from ESP8266.\n"));
      espClient.println(F("Second line of the test e-mail."));
      espClient.println(F("Third line of the test e-mail."));
      //
      espClient.println(F("."));
      if (!emailResp())
           return 0;
      //
      Serial.println(F("Sending QUIT"));
      espClient.println(F("QUIT"));
      if (!emailResp())
           return 0;
      //
      espClient.stop();
      Serial.println(F("disconnected"));
      return 1;
    }
     
    byte emailResp() {
      byte responseCode;
      byte readByte;
      int loopCount = 0;
     
      while (!espClient.available()) {
           delay(1);
           loopCount++;
     
           if (loopCount > 20000)
           {
           espClient.stop();
           Serial.println(F("\r\nTimeout"));
           return 0;
           }
      }
     
      responseCode = espClient.peek();
      while (espClient.available()) {
           readByte = espClient.read();
           Serial.write(readByte);
      }
     
      if (responseCode >= '4') {
      
           return 0;
      }
      return 1;
    }
    

    Check your email and adjust the code as needed.

    clipboard_e2a5a9bbd66c5d4d1afcc04ec003a1c05.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{5}\): Copy and Paste Caption here. (Copyright; author via source)

     

    Email IP Address

    Sometimes it is helpful to know the IP address of your microcontroller. There is a code that allows you to print the IP address to Serial Monitor, but it is not always convenient as to do that you have to connect your NodeMCU to your computer and also erase whatever code you had there before, upload the IP code, then replace it with the old code again. It is easier to set your microcontroller to send an email with its IP address at reboot.

    Make a copy of the Sketch we used to send a test email and replace the body of the email with the following line:

    espClient.println(WiFi.localIP());

    You can alter the subject to reflect the contents of the email.

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