A measure of the scattering power of an isolated atom (also known as the atomic form factor). The scattering factor depends on the scattering amplitude of an individual atom and also the Bragg angle of scattering. It depends on the type of radiation involved .
The scattering from a crystal of an X-ray beam results from the interaction between the electric component of the incident
The scattering amplitude from a neutral atom depends on the number of electrons (\Z\) = the atomic number) and also on the Bragg angle \(\theta\) – destructive interference among waves scattered from the individual electrons reduces the intensity at other than zero scattering angle. For \(\theta=0\) the scattering amplitude is normally equal to \(Z\). However, the scattering factor is modified by anomalous scattering if the incident
The X-ray scattering factor is evaluated as the Fourier transform of the electron density distribution of an atom or ion, which is calculated from theoretical wavefunctions
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- Intensity of diffracted intensities. P. J. Brown, A. G. Fox, E. N. Maslen, M. A. O'Keefe and B. T. M. Willis. International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, ch. 6.1, pp. 554-595
- Neutron techniques. I. S. Anderson, P. J. Brown, J. M. Carpenter, G. Lander, R. Pynn, J. M. Rowe, O. Schärpf, V. F. Sears and B. T. M. Willis. International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. C, ch. 4.4, pp. 430-487