Skip to main content
Chemistry LibreTexts

Alkanes from Reduction of Carboxylates - Kolbe's Electrolytic method

  • Page ID
    66938
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    Sodium or potassium salt of a dicarboxylic acid on electrolysis gives an alkene. An alkene is generated when an aqueous solution of sodium or potassium salt of a dibasic acid (with adjacent carboyxlic groups) is electrolyzed.

    Example: Electrolysis of Sodium Succinate

    The electrolysis of sodium succinate gives ethene.

    Oxidation at the anode

    kolbe-s-electrolytic-method-anode.gif

    Reduction at Cathode

    \[ 2H_2O + 2e^- \rightarrow 2OH^- + H_{2(g)}\]

    Contributors


    Alkanes from Reduction of Carboxylates - Kolbe's Electrolytic method is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

    • Was this article helpful?