The quantitative relationship among reactants and products is called stoichiometry. The term stoichiometry is derived from two Greek words: stoicheion (meaning "element") and metron (meaning "measure"). On this subject, you often are required to calculate quantities of reactants or products. Stoichiometry calculations are based on the fact that atoms are conserved. They cannot be destroyed or created. Numbers and kinds of atoms before and after the reactions are always the same. This is the basic law of nature.
Chung (Peter) Chieh (Professor Emeritus, Chemistry @ University of Waterloo)