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Module Four Exam

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    cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p>John Watson's experiments that demonstrated how fears could be learned are examples of</p>classical conditioning.operant conditioning.cognitive learning.affective learning.1100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p>Alfred Binet viewed human intelligence as</p>a combination of language and numerical abilities. function of mental age over chronological age.a measure of an individual's interpersonal ability determined by culture.6100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p>To keep your cat from scratching your furniture, you have paired the sound of a buzzer with squirting your cat with water. The cat now runs away when she hears the buzzer. In this example, squirting your cat with water is an example of</p>secondary reinforcementa conditioned unconditioned stimulus.negative reinforcement.11100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p>Researchers present adjectives followed by questions to three different groups. The first group is asked if the adjective is in uppercase letters. The second group is asked if the word rhymes with another word. The third group is asked if the adjective describes them. The researchers find that of the three groups, the third group scores highest on a test requiring them to recall the adjectives. How would cognitive psychologists interpret the findings?</p>Semantic encoding is an effective way to store information.Pairing auditory and visual presentations of a stimulus is an effective mode of learning.The manner of encoding is not a factor in the ability to recall.Recall is directly proportional to how much information a person is required to store.13100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p>Studies have shown that teenagers who spend many hours watching violent TV programs are likely to commit aggressive acts. How would a follower of Albert Bandura's theory interpret the findings?</p>The aggressive acts are learned responses to threatening stimuli.Teenagers are conditioned to associate aggression with adolescence.Teenagers exhibit violent acts to release their emotions.The aggressive tendency is a result of observational learning and imitation.20100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p>Thalia's two-year old brother Dean watches her whenever she brushes her teeth. One night, Thalia gave Dean a toothbrush, and he imitated her actions. Dean now knows to brush his teeth before going to bed, and he sometimes leads Thalia to the bathroom sink to brush their teeth together. Which theory supports the idea that Dean learned behaviors from observing how his sister acts?</p>reinforcementsocial learningmental imagingcreativity22100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p>What type of test would a teacher who aims to measure students' recognition memory most likely construct?</p>multiple choiceessayfill in the blankshort answer25100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p>Which option offers a measure of intellectual disability?</p>a score over 85 on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Childrena mental age that is higher than one's chronological agea failing score on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scalea score below 69 on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale32100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p>What concept is illustrated by the experiment that found that children who observed adults kicking and hitting an inflated doll would also kick and hit a similar doll?</p>classical conditioningsocial learningcognitive mappingreinforcement34100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p>A cognitive psychologist flashes a word to study participants and then asks them a question about that word. If the word apple is flashed, which question would stimulate semantic encoding?</p>Does it contain 5 letters?Is it written in lowercase letters?s it an edible fruit?Does it rhyme with maple?39100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p>A researcher gives participants a list of words referring to concrete objects (e.g., car, apple, box). She tells the first group of participants to form a vivid mental image of each object. She tells the second group to think of a story using all the words from the list. Both groups then complete a memory test. What concept is the researcher<strong>most</strong>likely testing with the first group of participants?</p>semantic encodingvisual encodingelaborationclustering42100