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Chemistry LibreTexts

Semester Final

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  • cc_profilecc.exam.v0p1qmd_assessmenttypeExaminationqmd_scoretypePercentagecc_maxattempts1
    cc_profilecc.true_false.v0p1A person with <u>type AB</u> blood can donate blood to a person with any blood type. TrueFalse2100cc_profilecc.true_false.v0p1The <u>appendicular</u> skeleton forms the central axis of the body. TrueFalse4100cc_profilecc.true_false.v0p1Blood is carried through the body in <u>blood vessels</u>. TrueFalse5100cc_profilecc.true_false.v0p1The <u>sympathetic division</u> of the autonomic nervous system decreases blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing rate. TrueFalse8100cc_profilecc.true_false.v0p1The <u>rectum</u> is the final section of the digestive tract. TrueFalse9100cc_profilecc.true_false.v0p1<u>Proteins</u> are the body’s main source of fuel. TrueFalse12100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Organisms are named and classified based on physical characteristics inevolutionary trees.Linnaean taxonomy.cladograms.molecular clocks.14100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Which of the following lists Linnaean taxa in the correct order from general to specific?phylum, order, family, genuskingdom, order, class, phylumfamily, phylum, genus, speciesclass, order, species, genus17100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1How many domains are there in the most current tree of life?sixfivethreetwo23100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The modern classification system is mainly based onmutation rates.common ancestry.physical  similarities.binomial nomenclature.26100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Antibiotics are used to fightviral infections.fungal infections.HIV infections.bacterial infections.32100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Prokaryotes reproduce byendocytosis.fermentation.binary fission.reverse transcription.35100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Plantlike protists have which of the following traits in common with plants?They both have chlorophyll.They are both motile.They are both heterotrophic.They are both decomposers.37100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The process in which yeast reproduce by forming a daughter cell that is genetically identical but initially smaller in size is calledfission.budding.conjugation.meiosis.42100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Green algae are part of the Kingdom Protista. What is the main difference between plants and most green algae?Plants contain chlorophyll.Plants are all unicellular.Plants are all multicellular.Plants are adapted to life in the water.47100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Why are most plants and some algae green?They contain chlorophyll.They contain starch.They contain cellulose.They contain carbohydrates.49100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Seed plants do not rely on standing water to reproduce. They rely onprotective coats.vascular systems.pollination.embryos.55100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Roots absorb water partly through tiny extensions of dermal cells calledlateral meristems.apical meristems.vascular cylinders.root hairs.60100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The first true plants were probably most similar to modernferns.mosses.conifers.flowering plants.62100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Pollination occurs when pollen meetsmale reproductive parts of a different plant species.male reproductive parts of the same plant species.female reproductive parts of a different plant species.female reproductive parts of the same plant species.68100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The upper surfaces of leaves are used mainly forlight gathering.gas exchange.collecting from predators.69100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Colorful fragrant flowers are most likely pollinated byanimals.wind.spores.water.73100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The internal skeleton of vertebratesallows vertebrates to grow larger than invertebrates.plays an important role in the digestive system.allows vertebrates to carry out asexual reproduction.plays an important role in mate selection.77100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Both arthropods and annelids havejointed appendages.protective exoskeletons.hydrostatic skeletons.segmented bodies.84100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The exoskeleton of an insectdoes not have any muscles attached to moved by muscles that are attached to the inside of the thickest where the joints of the appendages are moved only by muscles attached to the wings.86100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The skin of a reptile ismoist and watertight.moist and thin.dry and nearly watertight.dry and permeable to water.91100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The geographical range of reptiles is limited bylength of day.moisture.temperature.topography.95100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Mammals whose offspring remain inside the mother until development is complete are calledplacental mammals.monotremes.marsupials.echidnas.97100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Egg-laying mammals areoviparous.viviparous.ovoviviparous.marsupials.101100cc_profilecc.true_false.v0p1Bile is produced in the <u>pancreas</u>. TrueFalse106100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1If homeostasis were disrupted, all of the following would occur <i>except</i>body temperature would not be maintained.strenuous physical activity would be difficult.enzymes would be inactivated.the heart would immediately stop pumping blood.110100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Most of the body’s energy needs should be supplied by dietarycarbohydrates.fats.vitamins.proteins.111100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The villi of the small intestine allow for an increase in the rate ofnutrient absorption.cellulose digestion.acid production.bile production.115100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The skin performs all of the following <i>except</i>protection.sensation of heat.control of body temperature.production of gametes.122100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1A reflex is all of the following <i>except</i>a sudden, involuntary movement.not under conscious control.not learned in response to a stimulus.under the control of the brain.126100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The autonomic nervous system controlsreflexes.voluntary movement.involuntary functions of the internal organs.locomotion.129100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1Hormones function so well to maintain homeostasis mainly becausethe chemical reactions they cause occur in brain cells.the body requires them for digesting food.they cause specific responses in specific cells.they act faster than nerve impulses.133100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The redness and swelling associated with an inflammatory response is caused bysecretion of antibodies.increased blood flow to local blood vessels.complement activity.natural killer cells destroying bacteria.136100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1The kidneys play a major role in maintainingthe proper breathing rate.the proper glucose levels in the blood.homeostasis by removing urea, water, and other wastes from the blood.the concentration of digestive enzymes in the blood.141100cc_profilecc.essay.v0p1qmd_computerscoredNo<p>Would brightly colored flowers and sweet, juicy fruits have been as beneficial to the earliest land plants as they are to modern flowering plants? Explain.</p>100cc_profilecc.essay.v0p1qmd_computerscoredNo<p>Why do wind-pollinated plant species generally produce more pollen than animal-pollinated species?</p>100cc_profilecc.essay.v0p1qmd_computerscoredNo<p>The linnaean classification system is based solely on physical characteristics. How has the classification of organisms changed since Linnaeus developed his taxonomy?</p> <p>In your answer:</p> <ul> <li>explain how cladistics differs from Linnaean taxonomy</li> <li>explain how new technologies in molecular biology and DNA research have affected the Linnaean classification system</li> </ul>100cc_profilecc.essay.v0p1qmd_computerscoredNo<p>How is air moved in and out of the lungs from the enviornment?</p>100cc_profilecc.essay.v0p1qmd_computerscoredNo<p>Explain how the kidneys play a role in maintaining homeostasis in the body</p>100