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6.E: An Overview of Organic Reactions (Exercises)

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    61698
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    These are the homework exercises to accompany the Textmap for McMurry's Organic Chemistry textbook.

    6.1 Kinds of Organic Reactions

    6.1 Exercises

    Questions

    Q6.1.1

    Classify each reaction as addition, elimination, substitution, or rearrangement.

    Solutions

    S6.1.1

    A = Substitution; B = Elimination; C = Addition

    6.3 Radical Reactions

    6.3 Exercises

    Questions

    Q6.3.1

    Radical chlorination of alkanes are not useful due to uncontrolled substitution. Draw the mono-substituted products of Cl2 reacting with 2-methylbutane.

    Q6.3.2

    Propose a radical mechanism for the following reaction:

    Solutions

    S6.3.1

    6.3.png

    S6.3.2

    6.4 Polar Reactions

    6.4 Exercises

    Questions

    Q6.4.1

    Label the following either an electrophile or a nucleophile.

    6.4.png

    Solutions

    S6.4.1

    A = Electrophile

    B = Nucleophile

    C = Both (carbonyl carbon is electrophile and oxygen is nucleophile)

    6.5 An Example of a Polar Reaction: Addition of HBr to Ethylene

    6.5 Exercises

    Questions

    Q6.5.1

    Predict the product of the following reactions:

    Solutions

    S6.5.1

    6.6 Using Curved Arrows in Polar Reaction Mechanisms

    6.6 Exercises

    Questions

    Q6.6.1

    Draw curved arrows to indicate mechanisms for the following reactions:

    6.6.png

    Solutions

    S6.6.1

    6.6sol.png

    6.9 Describing a Reaction: Energy Diagrams and Transition States

    6.9 Exercises

    Questions

    Q6.9.1

    Which reaction is faster, ΔG = + 55 kJ/mol or ΔG = + 75 kJ/mol?

    Solutions

    S6.9.1

    The + 55 kJ/mol reaction is the faster reaction.

    6.10 Describing a Reaction: Intermediates

    6.10 Exercises

    Questions

    Q6.10.1

    Draw an energy diagram with a exergonic first step and an endergonic second step. Label the diagram.

    Solutions

    S6.10.1

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