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Chemistry LibreTexts

10: Solids, Liquids and Solutions

In contrast to gases, solids and liquids have microscopic structures in which the constituent particles are very close together. The volume occupied by a given amount of a solid or liquid is much less than that of the corresponding gas. Consequently solids and liquids collectively are called condensed phases. The properties of solids and liquids are much more dependent on intermolecular forces and on atomic, molecular, or ionic sizes and shapes than are the properties of gases.