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Chemistry LibreTexts

Lecture Demonstrations

  • Page ID
    50842
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    Measuring Pressure with a Syringe and Baby Scale

    Syringe on Baby Scale

    A free-moving 30 cc glass syringe is plugged with a luer lok stopper with a trapped volume of 20 cc at atmospheric pressure.

    The plunger is 7/8" in diameter (0.88") so the area is πr2 = 0.60 in2.

    Push down on the scale with the plunger until V = 15 cc and measure weight (force), ~3 lb

    New pressure = 3 lb/0.60 in2 external + 14.7 atmospheric = 19.6 lb/in2.

    Push down on the scale witht the plunger until V = 10 cc and measure weight (force), ~9 lb

    New pressure = 9 lb/0.60 in2 external + 14.7 atmospheric = 29.4 lb/in2.

    For the three cases, PV = ~294, so P1V1 = k = P2V2

     

    Measuring Atmospheric pressure with a Manometer and Vacuum Pump

    Connect a vacuum pump to the top of a 100 cm tube dipped in mercury in a vial in a sidearm flask, turn on pump, measure height of Hg corresponding to 5 mi of air in atmosphere.

     

    Syringe (etc.) in A Bell Jar

    Put a syringe, marshmallow, small bag of chips or pretzels, etc. in a bell jar and turn on vacuum.

    Syringe in Bell Jar

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