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Chemistry LibreTexts

Concepts for Midterm I

[ "article:topic-guide", "Fundamental", "showtoc:no" ]
  • Page ID
    2888
  • General Concepts

    1. Simple nomenclature of ionic materials (salts)
    2. General differences between metallic and nonmetallic elements
    3. Periodic trends among the nonmetals in Group 13-1
    4. Assignment of oxidation state in nonmetals and metals
    5. Nomenclature of coordination compounds
    6. Identity and names of common ligands and their charges
    7. How to figure out the number of d-electrons in a metal of known oxidation state and vice versa
    8. Give electronic configurations of the elements and their ions given the periodic table
    9. How to calculate cell potentials (both at standard conditions and non-standard conditions)
    10. How to balance a redox Rxs. in either acid or basic aqueous solutions
    11. Calculate the relationship between cell potential, spontaneity, reaction quotient and equilibrium constant
    12. How to construct a battery, including salt bridge, electrodes and half reactions. (when to use an inert electrode like Pt or C)
    13. What is an intensive and extensive property? Examples?
    14. The role of the Pauli exclusion and aufbau principles in electronic configurations of transition metals
    15. How to protect metals from corrosion.
    16. How to electroplate and calculate the amount of material that is electroplated in a cell.
    17. Calculation of current in a cell (e.g. charge of electrons/sec)  
    18. Trends in metal and atomic radii
    19. Electronic structure of Transition metals and corresponding ions
    20. How magnetism occurs. What is para- and dia-magnetism
    21. Definition of complexes, including both inner vs. outer sphere groups.
    22. Identify atoms on a polyatomic ligand that will bind to a metal
    23. How to form a Coordinate covalent bond.
    24. How polydentate ligands do their stuff. Some thermodynamics of the chelate effect.
    25. Identify the five types of isomers discussed in class  (minus optical isomers)
    26. If given two structure, determine if they are isomers of each other (minus optical isomers)

    Terms to know (Definitions)

    1. Anode, Cathode, electrode
    2. Battery
      1. Primary
      2. Secondary
      3. Tertiary (Fuel Cells)
    3. Galvanic and electrolytic cell
    4. Concentration Cell
    5. Cathodic protection
    6. Cell diagram
    7. Cell potential
    8. Activity Series
    9. Standard Reduction Potential
    10. Faraday constant
    11. Half-cell
    12. Nernst Equation
    13. Extensive vs. Intensive Properties
    14. Overpotential
    15. Salt bridge
    16. Volt
    17. Ampere
    18. Standard hydrogen electrode (SHE)
    19. Coordination number
    20. Oxidation
    21. Reduction
    22. Spectator ion
    23. Oxidizing and reducing agents
    24. Standard conditions
    25. Ligand
    26. Monodentate, bidentate, polydentate
    27. Paramagnetism, diamagnetism and ferromagnetism
    28. Corrosion
    29. Electrolysis
    30. Sacrificial Anodes
    31. Self-passivation
    32. Amalgam
    33. Ferromagnetism, diamagnetism, paramagnetism  
    34. Lanthanide contraction  
    35. Aufbau Principle
    36. Octahedral, tetrahedral, square planer, linear, bend geometries
    37. Hund’s Rule
    38. cis, tran isomers
    39. mer, fac isomers
    40. Inner Sphere
    41. Geometric isomer, linkage isomer, coordination isomer, ionization isomer, optical isomer, chirality