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Chemistry LibreTexts

Concepts for Midterm I

General Concepts

  1. Simple nomenclature of ionic materials (salts)
  2. General differences between metallic and nonmetallic elements
  3. Periodic trends among the nonmetals in Group 13-1
  4. Assignment of oxidation state in nonmetals and metals
  5. Nomenclature of coordination compounds
  6. Identity and names of common ligands and their charges
  7. How to figure out the number of d-electrons in a metal of known oxidation state and vice versa
  8. Give electronic configurations of the elements and their ions given the periodic table
  9. How to calculate cell potentials (both at standard conditions and non-standard conditions)
  10. How to balance a redox Rxs. in either acid or basic aqueous solutions
  11. Calculate the relationship between cell potential, spontaneity, reaction quotient and equilibrium constant
  12. How to construct a battery, including salt bridge, electrodes and half reactions. (when to use an inert electrode like Pt or C)
  13. What is an intensive and extensive property? Examples?
  14. The role of the Pauli exclusion and aufbau principles in electronic configurations of transition metals
  15. How to protect metals from corrosion.
  16. How to electroplate and calculate the amount of material that is electroplated in a cell.
  17. Calculation of current in a cell (e.g. charge of electrons/sec)  
  18. Trends in metal and atomic radii
  19. Electronic structure of Transition metals and corresponding ions
  20. How magnetism occurs. What is para- and dia-magnetism
  21. Definition of complexes, including both inner vs. outer sphere groups.
  22. Identify atoms on a polyatomic ligand that will bind to a metal
  23. How to form a Coordinate covalent bond.
  24. How polydentate ligands do their stuff. Some thermodynamics of the chelate effect.
  25. Identify the five types of isomers discussed in class  (minus optical isomers)
  26. If given two structure, determine if they are isomers of each other (minus optical isomers)

Terms to know (Definitions)

  1. Anode, Cathode, electrode
  2. Battery
    1. Primary
    2. Secondary
    3. Tertiary (Fuel Cells)
  3. Galvanic and electrolytic cell
  4. Concentration Cell
  5. Cathodic protection
  6. Cell diagram
  7. Cell potential
  8. Activity Series
  9. Standard Reduction Potential
  10. Faraday constant
  11. Half-cell
  12. Nernst Equation
  13. Extensive vs. Intensive Properties
  14. Overpotential
  15. Salt bridge
  16. Volt
  17. Ampere
  18. Standard hydrogen electrode (SHE)
  19. Coordination number
  20. Oxidation
  21. Reduction
  22. Spectator ion
  23. Oxidizing and reducing agents
  24. Standard conditions
  25. Ligand
  26. Monodentate, bidentate, polydentate
  27. Paramagnetism, diamagnetism and ferromagnetism
  28. Corrosion
  29. Electrolysis
  30. Sacrificial Anodes
  31. Self-passivation
  32. Amalgam
  33. Ferromagnetism, diamagnetism, paramagnetism  
  34. Lanthanide contraction  
  35. Aufbau Principle
  36. Octahedral, tetrahedral, square planer, linear, bend geometries
  37. Hund’s Rule
  38. cis, tran isomers
  39. mer, fac isomers
  40. Inner Sphere
  41. Geometric isomer, linkage isomer, coordination isomer, ionization isomer, optical isomer, chirality