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Chemistry LibreTexts

Heat and Chemical Resistant Silicone Rubber

This is the story of chemical transition from the common silicate minerals and rocks of the earth to the uncommon chemical compounds of silicon and carbon.

612px-Silicate-tetrahedron-3D.png   800px-Silicate-double-tetrahedra-2D.png
Figure 1. Image used with permission (CC-By-SA-3.0; Benjah-b7).

We begin with silicates, the form in which we find almost all silicon, the second-most prevalent element in the earth's crust.