What types of elements typically form binary molecular compounds?
Describe the similarities and differences between ionic and molecular compounds.
Give the prefix that would be used in the name a molecular compound for each of the following quantities of atoms.
Write the formula for each compound.
- diphosphorus pentoxide
- dinitrogen monoxide
- trisilicon tetranitride
- dinitrogen pentoxide
- tetraphosphorus decasulfide
- disulfur hexafluoride
- triboron dicarbide
- tetraselenium tetranitride
What elements are found in a hydrocarbon?
Describe an alkane.
How many carbon atoms are found in octane? propane? nonane?
What is the name for the alkane with six carbons? four carbons? two carbons?
What is the difference between an alkane and a cycloalkane?
Binary molecular compounds are composed of two nonmetallic elements.
They both form as a result of bonding between atoms. Ionic compounds result from the transfer of electrons from one element to another while molecular compounds form bonds through the sharing of electrons.
carbon and hydrogen
An alkane contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms with the carbons connected by single bonds.
octane, 8; propane, 3; nonane, 9
6, hexane; 4, butane; 2, ethane
An alkane contains a chain of carbon atoms while a cycloalkane contains carbons in a ring structure.