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Chemistry LibreTexts

Homework 14 (Due 5/11/2016)

  • Page ID
    47393
  • Name: ______________________________

    Section: _____________________________

    Student ID#:__________________________

    Unless otherwise specified, a “particle in a box” below refers to the ground-state (quantum number n = 1) in a box with walls at x=0 and x=a.  Justify your answers to questions with calculations.

    Q14.1

    1. For a particle in a box of size a, normalize the ground-state wavefunction.
    2. Do the same for a particle in a box of size 2a

    Q14.2

    1. Calculate the probability of finding the particle in the left half of the box, when the particle is in the ground-state.
    2. Without calculations (or with, if you prefer), is the probability of finding the particle (for the ground-state) in the interval a/4 < x < 3a/4 greater or less than one-half?

    Q14.3

     What is the frequency of the photon that is absorbed by a particle in a box as it makes a transition from the n=2 to n=3 stationary state?  Estimate (or calculate) a numerical value for the case of an electron in a box 1-nm long.

    Q14.4

    For the n=100 stationary state, a) how many nodes does it have? Is the wavefunction symmetric (even function), antisymmetric (odd function) or neither about the midpoint of the box?

    Q14.5

    For a particle in a box (with infinite height walls) answer the following intuition based questions (in words, not equations):

    1. How many wavefunctions exist for this problem?
    2. How many different energies exist for this problem?
    3. Is there an specific energy for every possible wavefunction?
    4. Is there a specific wavefunction for every possible energy of the particle?
    5. How do the energies of the wavefunctions change when the box is made bigger?
    6. How do the energies of the wavefunctions change when the particle mass is made bigger?
    7. How do the difference in successive energies (e.g., \(E_{n=2}-E_{n=1}\)) with increasing mass of particle?
    8. How do the difference in successive energies (e.g., \(E_{n=2}-E_{n=1}\)) with increasing box length of particle?
    9. What is the probability of finding the particle in the box?
    10. What is the probability of finding the particle outside the box?
    11. How would the answers to the above two questions change if the box height were decreased (i.e., finite)?

    Q14.6

    An electron has a kinetic energy of 12.0 eV. The electron is incident upon a rectangular barrier of height 20.0 eV and thickness 1.00 nm. What is the probability of the electron tunneling through the barrier? By what factor would the electron’s probability of tunneling through the barrier increase assuming that the electron absorbs all the energy of a 500-nm photon (Hint: remember conservation of energy).