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Unit 6 Pre-Assessment: The Cold War

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    187254
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    cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">A similarity between the Red Scare of the 1920’s and McCarthyism in the 1950’s was that during each period</span></p>thousands of American citizens were expelled from the United Statesthe Communist Party gained many members in the United Statesmany government employees were convicted of giving secrets to the Soviet Unionthe civil liberties of American citizens were threatened4100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">Which situation resulted from Senator Joseph McCarthy’s search for Communists within the United States during the 1950’s?</span></p>Thousands of American citizens who believed in communism were either jailed or deported. The reputations of many people were ruined by false accusations of disloyaltyMany high-ranking government officials were exposed as spies of the Soviet Union.Organized groups of Communists began a wave of violent political terrorism.6100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">The successful launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in 1957 signaled the beginning of</span></p>American fears that the Soviets had achieved technological superioritythe Cold War with the United StatesSoviet aggression in Afghanistan and Chinadisarmament discussions between the superpowers9100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">In the 1950’s, Senator Joseph McCarthy was most closely associated with issues related to</span></p>Communist infiltration and the denial of civil libertiesfarm problems and taxationmilitary preparedness and foreign aidcollective bargaining and the rights of unions13100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">"Those of us who shout the loudest about Americanism in making character assassinations are all too frequently those who, by our own words and acts, ignore some of the basic principles of Americanism."</span></p> <div style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal;" align="right"><span style="background-color: #ffffff;">-Senator Margaret Chase Smith, 1950</span></div> <p><br style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal;" /><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">This criticism of Senator Joseph McCarthy and his supporters suggests that</span></p>Senator McCarthy did not do enough to protect the nation from a Communist conspiracythe tactics of Senator McCarthy were necessary to protect the basic principles of democracy free speech must be limited in times of national crisisSenator McCarthy was a greater threat to the nation than Communist sympathizers were20100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">A governmental action that was consistent with the Cold War mentality was the</span></p>establishment of loyalty reviews of government employeesreduction in military defense spendingelimination of the Central Intelligence Agencyadoption of the GI Bill of Rights21100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">In a farewell message to the American public, President Dwight D. Eisenhower warned of the growth of the "military-industrial complex." This term refers to the</span></p>influence of defense contractors on Congressthreat from the Soviet Armyinternal danger from Communist spieseconomy’s dependence on oil imported from the Middle East25100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">Most Americans who opposed sending United States troops to fight in the Vietnam War believed that</span></p>nuclear weapons should be used to end the warthe war should be extended into Chinathe United States should not police the worldinternational trade would be interrupted31100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan represented attempts by the United States to deal with the</span></p>national debtspread of communismPresident’s political oppositionarms race34100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">Both the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba (1961) and the invasion of Panama (1989) are examples of United States attempts to</span></p>eliminate unfriendly governments geographically close to the United Statescultivate good relations with Latin American nationsstop the drug tradeend the Cold War37100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">The speakers below are discussing foreign policies that the United States has followed at various times. Base your answers on their statements and on your knowledge of social studies. Speaker A: Steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world. Speaker B: The United States will give economic aid to needy countries anywhere in the world, but will not provide military aid. Speaker C: The United States must prevent the growth of communism. Speaker D: The United States can take over other countries to help them become more like us. The Korean conflict and the Vietnam conflict were attempts to carry out the foreign policy described by Speaker</span></p>ABCD43100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">Shortly after World War II, the cold war developed mainly as a result of the</span></p>United States refusal to send economic aid to European nationsSoviet domination of Eastern Europecompetition between the superpowers to explore outer spacecontinuation of the pre-World War II balance of power46100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">A common purpose of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the Eisenhower Doctrine was to</span></p>carry out the United States policy of preventing the spread of communisminsure the survival of the newly independent nations of Africa and Asialimit the proliferation of nuclear weaponsprovide medical aid to LatinAmerican nations49100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">A constitutional issue that was frequently raised about United States involvement in the Korean conflict and the Vietnam conflict was the</span></p>right to regulate commerce with foreign nationsuse of deficit spending to finance warslack of a formal declaration of war by CongressSupreme Court’s role in foreign policy decision-making55100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">After World War II, the United States departed most sharply from its traditional foreign policy when it</span></p>stopped foreign-aid programssponsored disarmament treatiesorganized global systems of alliancesrecognized revolutionary governments59100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">What was the main purpose of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the Berlin air-lift?</span></p>controlling Nazism in Europeestablishing friendly relations between the United States and the Soviet Unionspreading democracy to developing nationslimiting Soviet expansion64100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">In the years just after World War II, the United States attempted to prevent the spread of communism in Europe mainly by</span></p>taking over the governments of several Western European nationsincreasing opportunities for political refugees to settle in the United Statesholding a series of summit meetings with leaders of the Soviet Unionestablishing policies of economic and military aid for European nations68100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">A major long-term effect of the Vietnam War has been</span></p>an end to communist governments in Asiaa change in United States foreign policy from containment to imperialisma reluctance to commit United States troops for extended military action abroada continued boycott of trade with Asia71100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">". . . Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty."</span><br style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal;" /><br style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal;" /><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">Which conclusion is best supported by this quotation from the Inaugural Address of President John F. Kennedy in 1961?</span></p>The Cold War was over, and the Soviet Union was beginning to unravel.President Kennedy was encouraging a very strong presence in foreign policy in the post-World War II period.Compromise and appeasement were the best avenues to world peace.President Kennedy understood the limitations of power, even for a strong nation like the United States74100cc_profilecc.multiple_choice.v0p1<p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: Times; font-size: medium; line-height: normal; background-color: #ffffff;">The intent of the War Powers Act of 1973 is to limit the President’s power to</span></p>send troops to rescue Americans held captive by terrorists in a foreign nationuse troops to defend against an armed attack on the United Statessend troops to suppress a riot in an American citycommit troops to major military operations in a foreign nation80100