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How World War II Changed the Role of the American Woman

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    "This nation will remain a neutral nation, but I cannot ask that every American remain neutral in thought as well."

    - President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1939


    After World War I some women returned to the place society had destined for them while others refused. They had learned new skills and was prepared to use them. The United States entered the World War II after the bombing of Pearl Harbor and women power again was in demand. Their roles continued to change tremendously. By the spring of 1942 there was a growing manpower shortage in the military. In American Wars prior to World War II, there had been a debate about and opposition to using women in the armed forces. As men went off to battle, women were needed for non-combat jobs such as switchboard operators, telegraphers, mechanics, and drivers. During World War II, more than one hundred thousand women served in the women’s Army Corps later became known as the Women’s Army Corps. Women also joined the United States Navy. During the fall of 1942, the Women’s Auxiliary Air Squadron became known as the Women’s Air Force, began training women pilots who flew planes to various military bases in the United States. They tested aircraft and performed other non-combat flight duties. Many women believed that they might never be allowed to serve in the military again if they did not prove to be capable in a chosen role. Continue reading about the role of women in WWII on the attached document below.


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