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Toulmin Arrangement

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    Although all arguments have some form of claim, data, and warrant in them, not all of them use those terms. The only arrangement that uses the terms of claim, data, and warrant in it is the Toulmin arrangement. That is why we are covering this one first. It will be easier to cover this one first because we are already familiar with most of it's components. The slides to the right go over the Toulmin arrangement, click through them and take notes!

    You might get the idea from the slides that Toulmin originally designed this arrangement to help people analyze arguments. He did, but since it is a form of organization as well it can be used to set up an argument too. Here is an outline for how someone who might use the Toulmin arrangement in a persuasive essay:

    I. Introduction of the problem or topic.
        A. Material to get the reader's attention (a "hook")
        B. Introduce the problem or topic
        C. Introduce our claim or thesis, perhaps with accompanying qualifiers that limit the scope ofthe argument. (NB: This will help you cut the topic down to a manageable length.)

    II. Offer data (reasons or evidence) to support the argument.
        A. Datum #1
        B. Datum #2
        C. (and so on)

    II. Explore warrants that show how the data logically is connected to the data.
        A. Warrant #1
        B. Warrant #2
        C. (and so on)

    IV. Offer factual backing to show that logic used in the warrants is good in term of realism as well as theory.
        A. Backing for Warrant #1
        B. Backing for Warrant #2
        C. (and so on)

    V. Discuss counter-arguments and provide rebuttal
        A. Counter-argument #1
        B. Rebuttal to counter-argument #1
        C. Counter-argument #2
        D. Rebuttal to counter-argument #2
        E. (and so on)

    VI. Conclusion
        A. Implications of the argument, summation of points, or final thought to ensure the reader remembers the argument.