Psychoanalytic Literary Theory is the final theory we will be looking at. If you find psychology interesting at all, then this theory is the one for you! The reason for this is due to this theory having origins in S
Freud thought that people had a conscious and unconscious mind. A person's conscious mind is one that is aware of their thoughts. The unconscious mind are the thoughts and desires of a person that they may not be aware of. According to Freud, dreams were a window to the unconscious mind. He analyzed them and used symbols in dreams to understand what they reveal.
Freud thought the mind was made up of three parts: the id, the ego, and the superego. The ego is the conscious part of the brain, the part a person is aware of like was mentioned above. The id is the unconscious or repressed desires a person has. The superego is the conscience, the judge and jury in a person’s mind. This can also be thought of as a persons morals or ethics.
For Freud, he thought family dynamics also heavily influenced a person's development. He believed that children needed their parents and as they matured a conflict arose as they realized they were not the soul focus of their mother or father. He called this the Oedipus Complex.
Psychoanalytic literary critics view a text as if it were a dream, and analyze it like Freud would analyze dreams. They see texts as having a literal level and a deeper symbolic meaning. Psychoanalytic critics see the literal meaning of the text as a way to hide the deeper symbolic meaning. The deeper meaning is often something the writer cannot say out loud because it is too painful. They argue that a reader must look past the literal meaning and strive to see the deeper symbolic meaning that the writer can't say to us overtly, or plainly.
"A Psychoanalytic critic may:
What questions do Psychoanalytic critics ask about texts?
A short recap:
Assumption College. Psychoanalytic Criticism. http://www1.assumption.edu/users/ady.../Psychapp.html. 15 November 2013.
NPR. http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2013/0...e-than-a-voice. 15 November 2013.
Purdue Online Writing Lab. https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/722/04/. 15 November 2013.
YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ujj8z6pemmk. 15 November 2013.